Open Post: Michelle Obama’s Dramatic Weight Gain

related stories

Does sleeping after a meal lead to weight gain?
Some resolving very early. I drink high protein meal replacement and take vitamins. How to Lose Weight Fast: As with obesity in adults, many factors contribute to the rising rates of childhood obesity. And it can take a while for progesterone to dominate, also dependant on symptoms.

Customers who bought this item also bought

Anabolic steroid

Make the Impossible Possible. More About Hormone Therapy. They'll be there every single step of the way, to make sure that you succeed to meet your goals. Understanding the nature of the condition PCOS is a weight gaining condition that can manifest in numerous ways. Learn the three different types of low thyroid conditions The thyroid is the master gland in the body.

Three Bio-Identical Hormone Therapy. Where do these natural hormones come from? More Sign up for our newsletter Discover in-depth, condition specific articles written by our in-house team.

Please accept our privacy terms We use cookies and similar technologies to improve your browsing experience, personalize content and offers, show targeted ads, analyze traffic, and better understand you.

Sign in Log in with your Medical News Today account to create or edit your custom homepage, catch-up on your opinions notifications and set your newsletter preferences. Register for a free account Sign up for a free Medical News Today account to customize your medical and health news experiences.

Register take the tour. Menopause does not result in weight gain among women, however, hormonal adjustments are linked to a difference in fat distribution , which increases belly fat, according to a recent study that has been released by the International Menopause Society in light of the upcoming World Menopause Day on October 18th.

The new trial, published in Climacteric , is a comprehensive, scientifically based report on weight gain when a woman reaches the menopause. Many women are bothered by the thought of gaining weight, and during middle-age years they begin to gain around 0.

Weight gain is of concern not only because women do not like to look overweight; it is associated with a several chronic diseases and conditions, such as hypertension high blood pressure , depression , cardiovascular disease,. This content requires JavaScript to be enabled. Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report: If no author information is provided, the source is cited instead.

Latest news Chronic pain and the power of placebo. The placebo effect is stronger in some people than in others. A new study unlocks the psychological and neuroanatomical differences between these people.

Metabolism refers to the way the body breaks down food and uses it for nutrients and energy. Cells throughout the body must receive adequate amounts of nutrients, including sugar in the form of glucose to use for energy, growth, and repair from damage.

Poor diet and nutrition, which often occurs secondarily to substance abuse, can lead to brain damage, organ damage, and different types of diseases [2, 3]. The body cannot store alcohol, so once it is consumed it is quickly broken down to facilitate excretion from the body. Amino acids, in particular, are an essential source of nutrients that are contained in protein-rich foods. Amino acids are distributed throughout the body in order to boost energy production, cell growth and repair.

High levels of alcohol in the body cause both the intestines and the liver to assign precious cellular resources to the removal of alcohol. This prevents nutrients, such as amino acids, from being properly utilized by the body. In a healthy body, an assortment of amino acids and other nutrients are needed to avoid organ damage and disease.

Prolonged and excessive alcohol consumption interferes with these processes. High levels of alcohol in the blood may also slow down processes in the body such as digestion, which would normally stimulate the release of vitamins, minerals, sugar, and amino acids from foods so that they can be used by cells for proper growth, development and repair.

Alcohol abuse speeds up metabolism due to the fact that the liver has to work hard to break down the alcohol and remove it from the body [3]. However, this hinders the liver from breaking down carbohydrates and releasing nutrients, such as glucose sugar , for cells throughout the body.

The liver also stores excess glucose as fat that can be used as an energy source when it is needed. Unfortunately, when the liver has large amounts of alcohol to process due to alcohol abuse, it does not release the stored glucose and instead begins to swell. When fat cells accumulate in the liver due to alcohol abuse, a phenomenon known as alcoholic steatohepatitis may also develop.

This condition may be asymptomatic during the early stages of liver damage, but flu-like symptoms such as fatigue, fever, nausea, vomiting and a loss of appetite usually occur during the late stage of liver damage [5].

Liver damage causes specific enzymes such as bilirubin to be released into the blood and alcoholic steatohepatitis is typically diagnosed if a physician detects elevated levels of liver enzymes in the blood.

Once this condition has been diagnosed, there is a high risk of dying due to liver failure [5]. In addition, the alcohol that is processed by the liver releases toxic substances which activate the immune system, causing it to produce proteins that seek to destroy these substances. However, the accumulation of the toxins that are released from the alcohol along with the buildup of proteins that work toward removing the toxins from the body cause inflammation [6] , especially when alcohol is consumed regularly.

Although the body attempts to quickly remove the toxins from the body, if a person chronically abuses alcohol these dangerous substances continue to accumulate and begin to affect cells in various organs. This leads to liver, kidney, heart and brain damage, among other problems such as atherosclerosis [6].

The absence of symptoms often makes people think that their alcohol abuse is not causing them any physical harm, but this is usually not the actual case. Early signs of liver damage or disease include: Sometimes these types of symptoms may be mistaken for other health problems such as a stomach bug or virus, but for people who abuse alcohol it may actually be the first sign of liver damage.

Getting treatment for alcohol abuse and dramatically decreasing the amount of alcohol that is consumed can help reverse the early stages of liver damage. Moreover, if liver damage reaches a late stage, refraining from drinking alcohol will slow the progression of the damage.

When the intestines become irritated, digestive processes either slow down or stop and this may lead to a loss of appetite, constipation and an intestinal blockage. All of these symptoms cause people to eat less and begin to lose weight [4].

Consuming alcohol on an empty stomach is another harmful habit that can cause blood sugar to drop to dangerously low levels. Overtime, alcohol abuse may even lead to glucose intolerance and type 2 diabetes because the liver focuses too much energy on processing and excreting the toxins that alcohol produces [8].

Alcohol abuse can also lead to fluctuations in weight due to its effect on the brain. If the stomach is empty, alcohol can quickly leave the stomach and reach the brain. This process is slowed when there is food in the stomach, but if a large amount of alcohol is consumed, it can still reach the bloodstream, liver, and the brain much more quickly than the nutrients contained in the food. The liver takes about two hours to process the alcohol that is contained in one alcoholic beverage such as a glass of wine or a beer.

If alcohol has been consumed excessively, it circulates throughout the body until the liver can process it. This means that, in the interim, the brain and other organs e. Alcohol subsequently affects the brain by causing vision, speech, judgment and reasoning problems. These types of side effects may cause some individuals to eat less, forget to eat, overeat or eat foods that they would normally avoid.

Forgetting to eat properly can quickly lead to weight loss, but overeating can also lead to weight gain, obesity, type 2 diabetes and other conditions such as heart disease [9].

Type 2 diabetes that develops due to alcohol abuse and weight loss is the result of not eating enough food, which leads to persistently low blood sugar levels and glucose intolerance. Conversely, alcohol abuse that leads to obesity and type 2 diabetes is the result of persistently high blood sugar levels. Overeating means fats and carbohydrates are being consumed faster than the body can break them down and excrete the waste.

This leads to high levels of glucose sugar in the blood that the liver cannot immediately process because it is already trying to remove the excess alcohol. As a result, obesity in combination with uncontrolled sugar levels can eventually also cause type 2 diabetes [9]. In general, alcohol abuse can lead to dangerous fluctuations in weight that may eventually cause irreversible organ damage and disorders such as diabetes.

For instance, once an individual has been diagnosed with diabetes, this becomes a lifelong condition that must permanently be treated. Similarly, late stage liver disease that develops due to alcohol abuse is irreversible, although refraining from drinking alcohol can slow down the progression of the disease. Steps should be taken early to avoid the harmful effects of alcohol abuse.

If alcohol is consumed during pregnancy, it can cause poor nutrition for the mother as well as the unborn baby. More specifically, consuming alcohol while pregnant can lead to physical and mental problems as well as acute alcohol withdrawal symptoms in the newborn child [10]. Drinking alcohol occasionally and in moderation usually does not cause health problems, but consuming large amounts on a regular basis frequently constitutes alcohol abuse and ushers in a number of different health problems.

Here are some helpful strategies for consuming alcohol safely:. Eat healthy meals before drinking in moderation.

Take days off from drinking alcohol, even if only small amounts of alcohol are consumed regularly. This deters the development of alcohol abuse and addiction patterns, as well as the onset of organ damage associated with habitual alcohol consumption.

Keep track of the types of drinks that are consumed as some drinks contain more alcohol than others. Keeping track also provides an indication of when the drinking should stop. Taking recreational, illegal, and even prescription drugs inappropriately can lead to substance abuse disorders.

For the purposes of this guide, a drug is defined as a chemical substance that alters the activity of the brain as well as processes in the body [1]. Drugs often affect people differently, but the harmful side effects that most drugs cause may lead to irreversible health problems, damage and in some cases, death. The nicotine contained in cigarette smoke is itself an addictive psychoactive substance.

Furthermore, the fact that the rates of cigarette smoking tend to be higher in the demographic of alcohol and substance abusers makes its discussion here particularly germane.

Smoking is a harmful habit that reduces blood circulation to vital organs, increases the risk of developing heart disease, and speeds up the progression of heart disease in people who already have it [12]. Individuals who smoke heavily may also begin to lose their appetite due to heightened nicotine cravings [13].

This, however, is not healthy weight loss as a person may simply skip one or more meals and decide to smoke instead. Although the individual is losing weight, the body is not being provided with an adequate supply of vitamins and minerals and this often results in unexpected health problems. Some individuals actually gain weight after they begin smoking because they become more sedentary while smoking, eat higher calorie foods and exercise less [14].

A serious problem that often occurs when an individual stops smoking is rapid weight gain, but this appears to be mostly associated with substituting food for smoking, especially when nicotine cravings begin [15]. The prospect of weight gain frequently discourages people from quitting, but those who do not quit risk suffering from even more serious conditions such as [13, 16]:.

To be clear, the risks associated with smoking far outweigh the possible weight gain that may occur if an individual quits smoking. Furthermore, with support and discipline many people have successfully quit smoking without experiencing significant weight gain. Avoiding smoking altogether is one of the best ways to prevent unhealthy weight loss or gain.

Recreational, illicit, and prescription medication all influence various mental processes. Certain drugs may cause temporary cognitive impairments after taking just a single dose.

INTRODUCTION