Effects of abnormal renal function on body fluid
It surrounds the urethra just below the bladder, where it adds fluid to semen before ejaculation. Two kidneys, two ureters, two urethrae, and a urinary bladder 2. There was an error submitting your subscription. Laryngeal muscles adjust the size of the glottic opening. Disorders of the urinary system range in severity from easy to treat to life threatening.
Variations in the reproductive system
Others selectively block M3 a specific type of muscarinic receptor. Selective antispasmodics cause less drowsiness than non-selective antispasmodics but may cause more constipation , dry mouth, and blurred vision. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the Drugs. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records.
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Uro Blue generic name: Sanctura XR Pro generic name: Sanctura Pro generic name: Ditropan XL Pro generic name: Detrol Pro generic name: Oxytrol Pro generic name: Gelnique Pro generic name: Detrol LA Pro generic name: Urispas Pro generic name: Enablex Pro generic name: Different specialists treat urinary system ailments.
Nephrologists treat kidney diseases , while urologists treat problems with the urinary tract, including the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, bladder and urethra, according to the American Urological Association AUA. Urologists also treat the male reproductive organs, while gynecologists often treat urinary diseases or disorders in females, including yeast infections.
Nephrologists and urologists often work with endocrinologists or oncologists, depending on the disease. Urinary tract infections UTIs occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract; they can affect the urethra, bladder or even the kidneys. While UTIs are more common in women, they can occur in men. UTIs are typically treated with antibiotics, according to Dr. Oscar Aguirre , a urogynecologist in Denver.
In the United States, about 8. Incontinence is another common disease of the urinary system. This is usually due to an enlarged prostate causing obstruction of bladder emptying. Problems can come in the form of a pelvic prolapse, which can result in leakage and can be the result of a vaginal delivery. Then there is the overactive bladder, "which we see a lot and is not related to having children or trauma," Aguirre said.
A third condition involves overflow, in which the bladder does not completely empty. These problems in turn may lead to UTI [urinary tract infection], cystitis and deterioration of kidney function. Some common treatments involve medications, physical therapy and pelvic mesh surgery, Aguirre noted. Vaginal laser surgery is also becoming a viable treatment option, he explained. Interstitial cystitis IC , also called painful bladder syndrome, is a chronic bladder condition, primarily in women, that causes bladder pressure and pain and, sometimes, pelvic pain to varying degrees, according to the Mayo Clinic.
It can cause bladder scarring, and can make the bladder less elastic. While the cause isn't known, many people with the condition also have a defect in their epithelium, the protective lining of the bladder. Prostatitis is a swelling of the prostate gland and, therefore, can only occur in men. Often caused by advanced age, symptoms include urinary urgency and frequency, pelvic pain and pain during urination, the Mayo Clinic noted.
Kidney stones are clumps of calcium oxalate that can be found anywhere in the urinary tract. Kidney stones form when chemicals in the urine become concentrated enough to form a solid mass, according to the Cleveland Clinic. They can cause pain in the back and sides, as well as blood in the urine. Many kidney stones can be treated with minimally invasive therapy, such as extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, which disintegrates the kidney stones with shock waves.
Kidney failure, also called renal failure and chronic kidney disease, can be a temporary often acute condition or can become a chronic condition resulting in the inability of the kidneys to filter waste from the blood.
Other conditions, such as diabetes and hypertension, can cause chronic kidney disease, according to the Mayo Clinic. Acute cases may be caused by trauma or other damage, and may improve over time with treatment. However, renal disease may lead to chronic kidney failure, which may require dialysis treatments or even a kidney transplant. Bladder cancer is diagnosed in about 75, Americans each year and is more frequent in men and the elderly according.