What is it?
Companies add small amounts to foods because of ginseng's reputation for boosting energy, sexual stamina, and mental effort, but there's little evidence for those claims even at much higher levels than what is found in foods. Amylases are enzymes that convert starch to sugar. In people with initially healthy kidney function, drinking diet sodas laden with aspartame may be associated with a 30 percent greater drop in kidney function than those who do not drink diet sodas. Sodium propionate is used in pies and cakes, because calcium alters the action of chemical leavening agents. Securities and Exchange Commission. Both chemicals are safe. Thickening and gelling agent:
Get FREE Access!
Even the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology FASEB , which usually understates problems and mimics the FDA party-line, recently stated in a review that glutamic acid should be avoided by women of childbearing age. Aspartic acid from aspartame has the same deleterious effects on the body as glutamic acid isolated from it's naturally protein-bound state, causing it to become a neurotoxin instead of a non-essential amino acid.
Aspartame in diet sodas, or aspartame in other liquid form are absorbed more quickly and have been shown to spike plasma levels of aspartic acid. The exact mechanism of acute reactions to excess free glutamate and aspartate is currently being debated.
As reported to the FDA, those reactions include:. One common complaint of persons suffering from the effect of aspartame is memory loss. Ironically, in , G. Searle, the manufacturer of aspartame, undertook a search for a drug to combat memory loss caused by excitatory amino acid damage.
Blaylock is one of many scientists and physicians who are concerned about excitatory amino acid damage caused by ingestion of aspartame and MSG. A few of the many experts who have spoken out against the damage being caused by aspartate and glutamate include Adrienne Samuels, Ph. Another is Olney, a professor in the department of psychiatry, School of Medicine, Washington University, a neuroscientist and researcher, and one of the world's foremost authorities on excitotoxins.
He informed Searle in that aspartic acid caused holes in the brains of mice. Phenylalanine is an amino acid normally found in the brain. Persons with the genetic disorder phenylketonuria PKU cannot metabolize phenylalanine. This leads to dangerously high levels of phenylalanine in the brain sometimes lethal. It has been shown that ingesting aspartame, especially along with carbohydrates, can lead to excess levels of phenylalanine in the brain even in persons who do not have PKU.
This is not just a theory, as many people who have eaten large amounts of aspartame over a long period of time and do not have PKU have been shown to have excessive levels of phenylalanine in the blood.
Excessive levels of phenylalanine in the brain can cause the levels of serotonin in the brain to decrease, leading to emotional disorders such as depression. It was shown in human testing that phenylalanine levels of the blood were increased significantly in human subjects who chronically used aspartame. Even a single use of aspartame raised the blood phenylalanine levels. In his testimony before the U. Elsas showed that high blood phenylalanine can be concentrated in parts of the brain and is especially dangerous for infants and fetuses.
He also showed that phenylalanine is metabolized much more efficiently by rodents than by humans. One account of a case of extremely high phenylalanine levels caused by aspartame was recently published by the Wednesday Journal in an article titled "An Aspartame Nightmare. His symptoms started out as memory loss and frequent headaches. He began to crave more aspartame-sweetened drinks.
His condition deteriorated so much that he experienced wide mood swings and violent rages. He also showed abnormal brain function and brain damage. After he kicked his aspartame habit, his symptoms improved dramatically. As Blaylock points out in his book, early studies measuring phenylalanine buildup in the brain were flawed. Investigators who measured specific brain regions and not the average throughout the brain notice significant rises in phenylalanine levels.
Specifically the hypothalamus, medulla oblongata, and corpus striatum areas of the brain had the largest increases in phenylalanine. Blaylock goes on to point out that excessive buildup of phenylalanine in the brain can cause schizophrenia or make one more susceptible to seizures.
Therefore, long-term, excessive use of aspartame may provide a boost to sales of serotonin reuptake inhibitors such as Prozac and drugs to control schizophrenia and seizures. Some people may remember methanol as the poison that has caused some "skid row" alcoholics to end up blind or dead.
Methanol is gradually released in the small intestine when the methyl group of aspartame encounters the enzyme chymotrypsin. The absorption of methanol into the body is sped up considerably when free methanol is ingested. Free methanol is created from aspartame when it is heated to above 86 Fahrenheit 30 Centigrade. This would occur when aspartame-containing product is improperly stored or when it is heated e.
Methanol breaks down into formaldehyde in the body. Formaldehyde is a deadly neurotoxin. An EPA assessment of methanol states that methanol "is considered a cumulative poison due to the low rate of excretion once it is absorbed. There has been an enormous amount of scientific inquiry into aspartame, and only a very small fraction of this research is referred to on this site. A great deal of this research is available in the various legitimate scientific journals published in America.
Many of the dozens of symptoms and illness reportedly caused by aspartame consumption have been addressed in this research, and many of the claims against aspartame have been rejected as coincidental or untrue. Through the years the number of complaints has leveled off to about per year.
Aspartame is probably the most intensively studied food additive in history. Because it is still considered safe by the FDA, it remains on the market in the United States and is consumed by millions every day. Possibly the most common symptom affecting the American population, headaches, in one form or another, affect millions of Americans every year.
Many reported complaints from aspartame users involve headaches. In response to this, many experiments have been performed to ascertain the possible link between the artificial sweetener and headaches.
One of the most thorough experiments was performed by Schiffman, Buckley, and colleges published in the N. England Journal of Medicine. In this experiment they used 40 participants who had reported complaints to the FDA about headaches within 24 hours of consuming aspartame. This allowed for detailed monitoring of their status as well as controlling for variation in diet and activity.
Each participant was given a physical examination and their blood chemistry was also thoroughly examined before the experiment began. The experiment was randomized and double-blinded to prevent possible prejudice from the experimenters. A major critique of this experiment is that it failed to take into account the possibility of long-term exposure to aspartame. This critique was addressed by the experimenters by explaining that, since consumers associated symptoms with aspartame based on short term usage, then the 24 hours following aspartame intake would be the most important time period to examine experimentally.
This long-term experiment exposed the participants to dosages of aspartame that were well above the amounts that average Americans would consume.
The results of these experiments show that aspartame IS NOT associated with as increase in headaches. Experiments have shown that very high concentrations of the naturally occurring amino-acid Aspartate acts as a neurotoxin in some lab animals.
It was shown that large intakes of aspartame can increase the blood levels of aspartate, but it was well within normal concentrations and well below harmful concentrations Stegnik,Filer,Baker Public concern over aspartame remains alive and well today. Due to heavy criticism, many people have taken steps to avoid artificial sweeteners altogether.
Still, the consumption of aspartame by people conscious about their sugar intake continues to soar. When it comes to aspartame, your best bet — as with sugar and other sweeteners — is to consume it in limited amounts.
Adopting a no-sugar diet plan may not be as difficult as you think - and the potential health benefits are limitless. Here's what you need to know. Aspartame is an artificial sweetener used in many foods. Its health effects are highly controversial, and this article examines both sides of the…. Is it possible that aspartame, an artificial sweetener approved by the Food and Drug Administration, could actually be dangerous?
Giving up sugar can be tough Artificial sweeteners like aspartame have had a lot of negative publicity. Are they good for you, or bad? This article examines the facts. There are some observational studies showing that diet soft drinks are linked to disease.
However, this has not been proven in controlled trials. Did you know artificial sweeteners may actually increase your risk for diabetes or worsen your condition? Read on to find out what makes a good sugar…. Most Americans are getting too much sugar. That's partly because sugar finds its way into even the healthiest-sounding foods, often listed on…. Many people believe that artificial sweeteners can drive weight gain, despite being low in calories.
This article takes a look at the evidence. Natural alternatives to aspartame. Is Aspartame Poisoning Real? Is Diet Soda Bad for You? The Truth About Diet Drinks There are some observational studies showing that diet soft drinks are linked to disease. The Best Sugar Substitutes for People with Diabetes Did you know artificial sweeteners may actually increase your risk for diabetes or worsen your condition?
Can "Diet" Make You Fat?