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Avoid processed or packaged foods like canned soups, frozen dinners, or low-fat meals that often contain hidden sugar. Our World in Data. Inexpensive, filling, and versatile, beans are a great source of protein. Weight Loss Surgery Also called: Half as many started using last year - but more use meth, Our Favorite Healthy Finds: You can enjoy your favorite treats as long as you plan properly and limit hidden sugars.

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The Diabetes Diet

However, waist measurements are not as accurate as BMI measurements. For this reason, it is recommended to use both methods of measurements. While central obesity can be obvious just by looking at the naked body see the picture , the severity of central obesity is determined by taking waist and hip measurements.

A differential diagnosis includes distinguishing central obesity from ascites and intestinal bloating. In the cohort of 15, people participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NHANES III , waist circumference explained obesity-related health risk better than the body mass index or BMI when metabolic syndrome was taken as an outcome measure and this difference was statistically significant. In other words, excessive waist circumference appears to be more of a risk factor for metabolic syndrome than BMI.

The increased amount of fat in this region relates to the higher levels of plasma lipid and lipoproteins as per studies mentioned by Eric Poehlman review. This parameter has been used in the study of metabolic syndrome [67] [68] and cardiovascular disease.

When comparing the body fat of men and women it is seen that men have close to twice the visceral fat as that of pre-menopausal women. Central obesity is positively associated with coronary heart disease risk in women and men.

It has been hypothesized that the sex differences in fat distribution may explain the sex difference in coronary heart disease risk. There are sex-dependent differences in regional fat distribution. In women, estrogen is believed to cause fat to be stored in the buttocks , thighs , and hips.

Males are more susceptible to upper-body fat accumulation, most likely in the belly, due to sex hormone differences. Even with the differences, at any given level of central obesity measured as waist circumference or waist to hip ratio, coronary artery disease rates are identical in men and women. A permanent routine of exercise, eating healthily, and, during periods of being overweight, consuming the same number or fewer calories than used will prevent and help fight obesity.

Adjunctive therapies which may be prescribed by a physician are orlistat or sibutramine , although the latter has been associated with increased cardiovascular events and strokes and has been withdrawn from the market in the United States , [83] the UK , [84] the EU , [85] Australia , [86] Canada , [87] Hong Kong , [88] Thailand , [89] Egypt and Mexico.

A study published in the International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism , [90] suggests that combining cardiovascular aerobic exercise with resistance training is more effective than cardiovascular training alone in getting rid of abdominal fat.

An additional benefit to exercising is that it reduces stress and insulin levels, which reduce the presence of cortisol , a hormone that leads to more belly fat deposits.

Self-motivation by understanding the risks associated with abdominal obesity is widely regarded as being far more important than worries about cosmetics. In addition, understanding the health issues linked with abdominal obesity can help in the self-motivation process of losing the abdominal fat. As mentioned above, abdominal fat is linked with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. Specifically it's the deepest layer of belly fat the fat you cannot see or grab that poses health risks, as these "visceral" fat cells produce hormones that can affect health e.

The risk increases considering the fact that they are located in the proximity or in between organs in the abdominal cavity. For example, fat next to the liver drains into it, causing a fatty liver , which is a risk factor for insulin resistance, setting the stage for Type 2 diabetes.

In the presence of diabetes mellitus type 2 , the physician might instead prescribe metformin and thiazolidinediones rosiglitazone or pioglitazone as antidiabetic drugs rather than sulfonylurea derivatives. Thiazolidinediones may cause slight weight gain but decrease "pathologic" abdominal fat visceral fat , and therefore may be prescribed for diabetics with central obesity. Low-fat diets may not be an effective long-term intervention for obesity: The conclusion was that mean weight decreased significantly in the intervention group from baseline to year 1 by 2.

This difference from baseline between control and intervention groups diminished over time, but a significant difference in weight was maintained through year 9, the end of the study. There is a common misconception that spot exercise that is, exercising a specific muscle or location of the body most effectively burns fat at the desired location, but this is not the case.

Spot exercise is beneficial for building specific muscles, but it has little effect, if any, on fat in that area of the body, or on the body's distribution of body fat. The same logic applies to sit-ups and belly fat. Sit-ups , crunches and other abdominal exercises are useful in building the abdominal muscles , but they have little effect, if any, on the adipose tissue located there.

Several colloquial terms used to refer to central obesity, and to people who have it, refer to beer drinking. However, there is little scientific evidence that beer drinkers are more prone to central obesity, despite its being known colloquially as "beer belly", "beer gut", or "beer pot". One of the few studies conducted on the subject did not find that beer drinkers are more prone to central obesity than nondrinkers or drinkers of wine or spirits. These symptoms can suggest the appearance of central obesity.

Deposits of excess fat at the sides of one's waistline are commonly referred to as "love handles". Researchers in Copenhagen examined the relationship between waist circumferences and costs among 31, subjects aged 50—64 years of age with different waist circumferences. Their study showed that an increase in just an additional centimetre above normal waistline caused a 1.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Central obesity Synonyms beer belly, beer gut, pot belly, spare tyre, bread box A centrally obese male. The body mass index is Specialty Endocrinology Abdominal obesity , also known as central obesity , occurs when excessive abdominal fat around the stomach and abdomen has built up to the extent that it is likely to have a negative impact on health. Current Opinion in Lipidology. Retrieved on April 9, Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders.

The Metabolic Multi-risk Factor". Definition of metabolic syndrome: European Journal of Epidemiology. Annales de Réadaptation et de Médecine Physique.

Probe of the molecular paradigm associating diabetes and obesity". World Journal of Diabetes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. Recent results and their potential implications". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. International Journal of Obesity. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Overview and Human Evidence".

Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism. Abnormal obesity and your health. European Journal of Nutrition. National Institutes of Health. Cohort Study in a Large, Multiethnic Population".

American Journal of Epidemiology. Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, 3rd Edition: Current Medical Research and Opinion. International Journal of Hypertension. Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy. Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders. Journal of Association of Physicians of India. Journal of Medical Biochemistry. Increasing trends in waist circumference and abdominal obesity among US adults.

Am J Clin Nutr. A case of comparing apples and pears? Journal of Sex Research. Why are women so superior? The Ancel Keys Lecture". Archived from the original on February 9, The Wall Street Journal.

It requires you to drastically reduce the amount of food you eat, usually to a maximum of calories per day. VLCDs use meal replacements like drinks, shakes, and prepared food bars instead of meals for at least two meals a day.

VLCDs are meant for people who are very overweight and have been unable to lose weight after trying many diet plans. This diet can be dangerous and requires medical supervision. Read on to learn more about the risks and goals of the calorie diet. They do this by weighing your general health concerns against the risks and potential complications of drastic calorie reduction.

A diet like this has risks and precautions associated with it. A doctor should supervise you while on this diet. Some people use a calorie diet as part of the recently popularized 5: Under this plan, you eat a balanced Mediterranean-style diet of about calories for five days of the week and then limit yourself to low-carbohydrate calories per day for the other two days. There is very little evidence to support the benefits of 5: You can get an idea of how much or how little calories is when you consider the calorie count of popular foods.

The USDA calculates that two handfuls of peanuts or a slice of pepperoni pizza contains about calories. An apple contains fewer than 80 calories, while two pieces of fried chicken contain about calories. You might also want to consider how many calories you burn in a day.

According to the Harvard Medical School , a pound person burns 72 calories by just sitting in a one-hour meeting. One of the problems with a calorie diet is that it places no limits on the fats and carbohydrates you consume. A serving of chocolate pound cake and a glass of milk adds up to about calories. Regardless of calorie count, a well-rounded diet includes fruits and vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains.

Being healthy is about a lot more than just a number. The greatest dangers associated with a calorie diet relate to vitamin and mineral deficiencies. Vitamin and mineral deficiencies can lead to many health problems. In fact, most people cannot meet their vitamin and mineral requirements if they eat less than calories per day.

For example, according to the Mayo Clinic , if your diet lacks the mineral zinc , which is in pumpkin seeds and beef, you can suffer hair loss.

Low iron intake can lead to anemia , while chronic low intake of calcium and vitamin D can lead to osteoporosis later in life. Always consider the full nutritional makeup of the foods you eat, not just their calories. A calorie diet can also put you at danger for muscle loss. At first, muscle loss may seem like you are losing more weight, but keep in mind that not all weight is bad.

To keep your body healthy, you need to be able to build muscles. A healthy diet burns fat, not muscle. Another health risk to keep in mind when considering a calorie diet is that your metabolism will change when you reduce the amount of calories you eat for a long enough period of time.

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