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I was supposed to be joyful and free, but what I experienced was the opposite. In situ loading experiments with DIC Digital Image Correlation are used to develop a detailed understanding of the deformation mechanisms in Ti alloys. It is overwhelmingly liberal. Their goal is to motivate new science on incivility, new ways to think about it and, ultimately, new solutions. Cost controls helped Pfizer's bottomline. The IG also asked questions about road safety and distributed gifts among the students.



Eliot Spitzer for New York's next controller, has unveiled plans for a bureau to stop would-be Hurricane Sandy relief money thieves dead in the water. In the US it increased its foothold by 7. In both of these countries Android OS was the dominant force, with a For 13 years he was mostly a loner advising area professionals, but in recent months competitors have popped up, including ties tees, a pair of Silicon Valley personal image consultants whose pitch includes, "The 90s called.

They want their drab khakis back. Finally we have somebody guilty of it. Hoodie-clad Jessica Nacinovich said she could only feel disappointment and sadness over the verdict. Her overwhelming election victory on Sunday confirmed her third term as German Chancellor and makes her one of the most popular politicians on the planet.

The defense is playing well. Our offense is starting to pick up a little bit. About 10 percent of the stops spur an arrest or summons. Police find weapons a fraction of the time.

And that whites must get justice, no matter how flawed. I'm not sure zetia online "These parasites drink our water, eat our food and breathe our Greek air," Alekos Plomaritis, who was a Golden Dawn candidate running for office at the time, says in Greek, translated into English, in Georgousis' film. We don't care about their existence.

We are ready to open the ovens. We will turn them into soap, but we may get a rash. Ackman had resigned from the company's board earlier this month after he failed to push through a change in the company's management. It was all part of what he called his "Building Wealth Tour," which crisscrossed the country touting self-improvement, followed-up with private meetings with interested investors.

Given that, a level of sensitivity is required among the workers too, and that is why we've done this," he said. Some 28pc of retail bosses said that economic instability could have a strong impact on their business, compared to 45pc last year, while the proportion of retailers expecting their sales to grow in Western Europe rose from 39pc to 47pc. Gupta knew what to ask, how to ask, and how to pursue. It was very good. Not, by the way, that Cheney came off looking particularly bad -- he didn't.

But Wednesday, President Obama braved the media obsession with the new royal baby and a childish mayoral candidate to deliver a major speech on economic policy. King told The Hollywood Reporter. The journey from Falmouth to Truro takes between 75 and 90 mins, bringing you into the harbour, next to the bus station.

The train station is a 15 minute walk. The deaths covered were of those aged from 18 to , although most were over the age of They had all been suffering from cancer, cardiovascular disease or other medical conditions. Accidents, suicides and murders were excluded. At one point during the lengthy series of posts, a questioner asked Hannah to post a photo and she complied.

The image shows her with a wide smile. In fact, their stats were amazingly similar with seven minutes left in the game — Wilson had completed of passes for yards and two touchdowns, while Luck had completed of for and the same number of scores. But nearly 1, people were left homeless by the blaze, which damaged the restaurant inside.

The restaurant closed in Asos has a mammoth offering across all price ranges, and we are especially in love with this belted pencil dress below. Pair it with mid-heels and a voluminous blow-dry for a truly forties feel. The results suggest that mothers are also likely to trust their daughters to be honest with their opinion. But now even its time has come. We are all being actively encouraged to dump the bank of our lifetime and move on to a more attractive financial partner who will better attend to our needs.

But if that is so, why is not doing everything Republicans can to sabotage the law short of pushing for a shutdown, while offering no alternative, also a failure to govern? Good crew it's cool: Retirementplan fund orders are bundled for execution at a single priceafter the market closes.

If humans allow oceans to warm to the point where the 50 million year buildup of methane hydrates currently sitting on ocean floors are released into the atmosphere, our planet will warm too much to support life. Earth will become another Venus. Because the game lagged past the Dodgers' 11 p.

Lueke came on in the eighth, and promptly gave up Puig's double and walked Hairston with two outs. He was with a 3. Dodgers manager Don Mattingly said Wilson would need to pitch in back-to-back games before he gets called up. The Rays were the last major league team not to have played at Dodger Stadium. That's the bottom line," DeBoer said Monday. That's going to be the mantra. The league is not going to stand still. I think I've used that phrase before.

Lieutenant Islam Bibi had defied threats from her own family to rise through the ranks, becoming the most senior female police officer in Helmand Province. After several months the cells had formed spheres measuring about mm in diameter. Gasoline prices could jump an additional 15 cents due tothe rise in oil costs, EIA head Adam Sieminski told Reutersafter testifying.

Chromecast is a small stick roughly the same size as a thumb drive that can be plugged into an HDMI port on flat-panel TVs. Mother Monster flaunted her newly toned-up body in a brown bikini as she relaxed during a much-needed getaway to Mexico. The quirky singer, who has been out of the limelight recently following a hip injury, admitted back in Sept. Regionaltrading activity was expected to be light with China and HongKong closed for National Day holiday.

The tiny, highly secured devices are located in phones and allow operators to identify and authenticate subscribers as they use networks. Light rain on and off during the day. Rain when waking up at All this at 22 degrees Celsius. I go out walking. That is an intention to support demand via, among other channels, an increased perception of higher risk and greater inflation risk," interest rate strategists at Societe Generale led by Vincent Chaigneau wrote in a note to clients.

The men are charged with taking part in a computer hacking conspiracy and conspiracy to commit wire fraud. The Russians are facing multiple counts of unauthorized computer access and wire fraud.

Israel withdrew in from the Gaza Strip, which is now governed by Hamas Islamists opposed to permanent co-existence with the Jewish state. According to the Justice Department, the bank offered and sold the securities after failing to conduct due diligence on the mortgage loans. UPS, which is viewed as a proxy for business activity,recently cut its outlook, citing a weak U.

The CPP would like to maintain unchallenged authority to prepare to hand over power to a new generation, as many of its leaders are old and ailing. A son and a son-in-law of Hun Sen are among its candidates. One of the injured prisoners said electricity to the prison was shut off just before the attack.

The prison houses more than 3, inmates. Congress has been periodically briefed on the events and the Obama administration says it will continue to do so. However, the gains inJuly and August only barely made up for a 0. Many doctors have come out of the woodwork, who have been providing out-of-hours services in one form or another for years. Security Council meeting on Thursday evening. The member group urged all parties to end the violence and exercise maximum restraint after hundreds of people were killed when troops and police crushed protests seeking the return of deposed President Mohamed Mursi.

The stock was up 44 percent in the past six trading sessions. And since it bottomed out last September, shares have more than doubled. However, it did notterminate the project. One minute I was fine then suddenly I'm being rushed to the hospital. I look forward to being up and around and back on the road.

But his pledge to force out Trident is being vigorously opposed by the UK government, in part because of the immense cost and time needed to build a new nuclear port in England or Wales. He headed the party for seven years but quit as leader amid controversy about his taxi expenses. I'm not interested in football imigran online pharmacy Despite the agreements, craft brewers have been findingtheir way into the Mexican market little by little, said AlfonsoTorres Cabello, the director of Cervefest, an annual eventintended to link microbrewers with vendors and the public.

This is then seeded with the target patient's cells. New windpipes have been made through this process. The receiver lay prone for several minutes before the cart arrived. It has been designed to restore blind people's sight. A statement on the Guard's website did not name Ahmadi, Reuters reports. Most Android apps are designed for smartphones, not tablets with 7-inch screens. Most Android apps look awkward when blown up on a bigger screen. He was proud to be an Aggie, and Moore said he never complained when he was redshirted last season and toiled through months on the scout team.

It's like the situation is just too far gone at this point for a split to be anything but unavoidable," another source added to the mag. He suffered a season-ending knee injury in As well as bedding the Tsar, she also hooked up with another nobleman.

When his eye began to wander elsewhere, though, she attempted to win him back…using gifts she had filched from the Empress. This betrayal was discovered, and led to more revelations including accusations of abortions and infanticide. The Swiss bank winnowed down the product areas it traded in to around 80, through consolidating some businesses and exiting others altogether.

While those other types of peer-to-peer sharing may not be directly affected, the fact that a major agency approved ride sharing provides evidence that peer-to-peer transactions can, under the right conditions, be legitimate businesses. People with serious conditions potentially linked to their back pain -- like cancer -- were not included. I'm interested in buying lexapro online canada Ford already has more than 1, charging stations at Ford dealerships and company facilities in North America.

The vehicle's design had not been overhauled since The Ram was a less extensive redesign. That robbery prompted the city to suspend the gem shows that draw jewelers to the French Riviera each summer, hoping to catch the eye of travelers with money to burn.

The ban expired years ago, and the shows resumed. With the Bucks getting nowhere in talks to bring Ellis back, Hammond shifted his sights to Mayo. Besides this shutdown is great, it starves the corrupt government beast, shedding off non essential workers who instead of just consuming your tax dollars to pay their high salaries can now find one of those great high paying Obama economic recovery jobs and start contributing to society like the rest of hard working Americans!

Some of the wealthiest athletes today are also those who have learned to keep their mouths shut and their sponsors happy. Like all icons, the real Jackie Kennedy played herself better than anyone else ever could. Last year, injuries to his foot and knee made him mostly a shell of himself even in the 13 games he did play.

He finished with an unimpressive 53 catches for yards and three touchdowns, limping the entire way. AG Barr has a core fizzy drinks business that contributes three-quarters of group revenue and 84pc of gross profits.

The damage to China's harvest haskept local prices strong, spurring the call on imports.. I didn't sign on to be a mom. I loved him very much and I still do," she said, breaking down in tears. Where are you from? The second step shows that 15 percent were left by adolescent males, suggesting that 75 percent of the handprints were left by females.

The goal is to determine whether supporting them outside the hospital with other services might prevent a readmission. Hitby a slide in coal prices, Yancoal's stock has lost around halfits value since its listing in June That will bedetermined by how the earnings come out in the next few weeks.

Bush and his actions in building the case for the U. But inclusion in Interpol's database would have alertedother member countries to look out for him with a view toarresting him and handing him over. They simulated it as best as they could.

He ran first-to-thirds, singles, second to home, had him stand and take groundballs, stand there and simulate as much of a game. People often believe that women must have an emotional connection in order to be turned on, but in group sex situations that may often not be the case. And the relative frequency of it as a fantasy at about 15 per cent suggests pleasure without partnership is a pretty common desire. Virtuallyall trading volume between them takes place through the brokers. He urged Mr Miliband to follow the example of former Manchester United boss Sir Alex Ferguson and get rid of under-performing members of his shadow cabinet team.

Most notably, the mini tablet is expected to get a Retina display, significantly upgrading the resolution of its screen. He'd be playing for the Lakers and be one of the top players in the league. This first attempt to measure the number of digital natives around the world is a valuable first contribution to this effort. Yet another car bomb exploded in a Shiite part of the religiously mixed western neighborhood of Shurta, killing four. He said he could provide no additional details and could not confirm the number of fatalities or injuries, saying the "situation remains fluid.

However, for those who are diagnosed, early detection and treatment can make a huge difference. I went to how effective is permethrin cream for scabies Speculation that the West had seen the end of QE came on a busy day of economic releases.

Unemployment fell in the three months to May to 7. The number of unemployed fell by 57, to 2. For the second time in three weeks, a Steve Weatherford punt was returned for a touchdown. This time, his yard punt to the Chiefs 11 was taken back 89 yards by Dexter McCluster, in large part because Tom Coughlin said Weatherford kicked the ball down the middle of the field. However, within that, lending to smaller firms rose by million pounds, compared with the average monthly fall of million pounds over the previous six months.

It is a clear, colorless, tasteless and odorless liquid that can evaporate quickly into a gas and spread into the environment, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Kirk Nieuwenhuis doubled home Byrd in the fourth and Byrd added an RBI infield single in the fifth as Pittsburgh's ace labored on a night he struggled with his command.

So it goes, almost invariably, with sporting lives. But there are a number of new top-end plans with bigger data caps and double speeds, though you'll have to pay a premium. If you regularly travel to a different state, check to see that your policy covers your care there as well. Liberals love free speach as long as you agree with them.

But what if I told you that there are a number of really good conservative arguments for supporting and even increasing family planning funding — particularly internationally — even in a tight fiscal environment?

The last time Spain saw a comparable disaster was in , when a crash in the south of the country killed 86 people. More recently, in , a subway train derailed in the city of Valencia, killing Al Qaeda has since realized that the indiscriminate killing of Muslims is a strategic liability, and hopes instead to create a schism between Muslims and everyone else, whom they consider "kuffar," or apostates. I cringe when I see his photos. He Leigh Ledare is technically capable, some of the images are pretty good, he's a photographer just like any other photographer.

And if art can be by anybody, for anybody, then who am I to judge? The ability to be a part of something bigger and leave absolutely no impact on it, like they are not even there. The math in generating that 7. Stagg was the group's finance controllerand company secretary.

Sunday, Boehner promised more efforts to derail the Affordable Care Act. Give the miscreant the benefit of the doubt - this one time. Mention it to your department head, without mentioning names of potential suspects so that it can be brought up at the next office meeting. OK, we do know that the Denver Broncos have the best offense, and the Seattle Seahawks have the best defense. But after that, the league is chock-full of its usual early surprises.

Since then, Phil has gone on a run marked most indelibly by his final-round shellacking of Tiger last year at Pebble Beach. His lung infection dates back to his time on the windswept island, where he and other prisoners were forced to work in a limestone quarry.

With a 78 percent approval rating, the mayoral candidate clearly has a hold of the younger female vote. I'm not sure ditropan xl generic name The Miami-based hamburger chain late on Monday said its new"Satisfries" contain 40 percent less fat and 30 percent fewercalories than those sold by archrival McDonald's Corp,which is widely considered to have the fast-food industry's mostpopular french fries. Early on she takes the local Little League baseball team all the way to the championship with her talent for massaging the batting order based on obscure statistics.

Later, alongside Comic Book Guy, Principal Skinner, and others as part of the Mensa cooperative that takes over Springfield, she helps convert the town to metric time and is faced with a revolt from a mob of Springfieldians — only to be saved by none other than Professor Stephen Hawking. The S2 offers only 16GB of onboard memory, meaning that users will have to purchase extra memory cards the phone supports SD cards up to GB if they want to take advantage of 4K.

The camera itself is a megapixel snapper, which fires up directly from the lock-screen and comes with an LED ring flash. China, on the other hand, is concerned about Tibetan activists using India as a base to further their separatist aims. All have pleaded not guilty to dozens of charges, including securities fraud and conspiracy to defraud Madoff's clients. Some have indicated in court filings that they were unaware of the fraud or said that Madoff fooled them.

It was also weaker againstmost other major currencies and on a trade weighted basis wasdown 1. It targets free cash flow of million euros ormore, and a return on invested capital of 8 percent or more. He came untracked after throwing eight scoreless innings to defeat the Angels on Aug. In four outings since, he had been clobbered as he went with a 7.

He was sentenced by the Intermediate People's Court in the Shanxi capital of Xi'an, according to a court official speaking on routine condition of anonymity. Louis is also one of William's middle names. And, of course, the name of 17 kings of France or 18 or 19, depending how you count. If a judge ultimately finds an ongoing conservatorship is needed, a state social worker or one of Amanda's relatives could be appointed conservator for up to a year and then re-apply each year after that.

At the time, oil demand was climbing at an unsustainable annual pace of 5pc. Prices of energy more than tripled overnight and the rising long-term cost of oil pushed up inflation and weighed on growth for over a decade and still lingers today, with crude continuing to be the benchmark against which all other energy is priced. We are a fashion store," Houzesaid. He was speaking before an evening reception to mark theevent due to be attended by personalities from French movieactress Audrey Tautou to Jean-Pierre Raffarin, former primeminister of France.

However, there are no global examples of successfully moving a major airport 30 miles from its existing site. Doing so would cause huge damage to the economy of West London and surrounding counties. A gift of dazzling jewels or pure gold would be delivered along with an invitation to meet the dictator.

In fact, his own ministers and generals were wary of inviting the dictator to family events, such as weddings, or trusting their females to strange drivers. TheNasdaq Composite Index rose 8.

Would the media make a fuss about you? I'll guarantee you we're in the top three. Worst-case scenario we're fourth. If we run out of brakes, we'll finish fifth.

Excluding them from the gathering encourages further sedentary behavior. The ability to participate in the Jamboree could be a fantastic springboard to getting obese children interested in health and fitness.

But at many nursing homes, resident trust funds are not subject to any independent accounting. A judge will hear the case without ajury in November and decide whether the deal can go forward. The TV personality and mother of four! Need another reason to be jealous? The gorgeous fitness enthusiast looks like she hardly broke a sweat! Between and , the Irish star released three full CDs devoted to spirituals of one sort or another.

But cracks began to appear and the rupture was sealed in early , setting off the most violent phase in Mexico's drug war. The lawsuit alleges the store employees routinely must wait their turn to be searched even though they aren't being paid for the additional time. That firm was forced to close shortly after the indictment, although it had lost much of its business even before that occurred.

The case was later thrown out. I was disappointed when Sir Terry Wogan left the morning slot and wary of his replacement, but in fact I was very pleasantly surprised. The programme is varied, vital, energetic and lifts me on my way to work.

I enjoy the music, the backchat and the spontaneity. He referred all questions to MLB, adding that the team will continue to assume Rodriguez will return to active duty until told differently. His office said motions seeking emergency consideration wereexpected to be filed later on Friday. It was almost a perfect soundtrack to the scenery. Although Johnny Cash came to mind often: I hung my head, I hung my head. Thursday at the iconic Kohr's Frozen Custard stand.

It spread to neighboring buildings about 15 minutes later and eventually lit up the boardwalk itself. President Barack Obama' administration regardsthe language that Kerry and Karzai hammered out in a weekend ofmarathon talks to be essentially the final version that will beput before the Loya Jirga for its approval. Are they really worse for us than the raw ingredients we might cook with ourselves? Take the example of the widely used and cheaply produced sweetener, high-fructose corn syrup, found in biscuits, soft drinks, yogurts and bread.

A Princeton study found the syrup caused rats to gain much more weight than those who were given table sugar with the same calorie intake. Indeed, there is evidence to suggest that fructose itself — which occurs naturally in fresh fruit — is more pernicious than other sugars. The stalks left by corn provide mulch that allows rain to enter the ground.

When water can't sink in, the runoff carries away soil nutrients and makes fields more vulnerable to summer dry spells. And, auspiciously, the club are already on the case. All these places are airing it,'" Deegans said. Students who take the October exam are also more likely to submit their applications earlier because they will receive their scores sooner than those who take the December exam. In , he moved to San Francisco where the company established its headquarters.

The powertrain line-up ranges from a two-wheel drive bhp 1. The nose gear failed as the plane touched the runway causing the plane to skid," the airline said in an emailed statement. Twitter played a big role in rallying people, organizing protests, sit-ins and mass gatherings. It had been speculated he might leave the country due to fears over security and his loss of presidential immunity, but Mr Babar said the departing leader had no plans to do so. He was on his way home from the store," Sybrina Fulton, Trayvon's mother, said Friday as she prepared to participate in the march.

Don't wait until something happens to your child. This is the time to act now. This is the time to get involved. But here's the twist in the tale: The true identity of the author is none other than "Harry Potter" creator J.

Dressed in what appeared to be a prison-issue red t-shirt, he spoke only to confirm his name before listening with his head bowed to proceedings. James Harris, the Welshman who has moved from Glamorgan to Middlesex in the close season, was added to the ODI squad, along with Woakes, after his persuasive form during the Performance Programme tour in India late last year.

Skimmers had to bounce a stone on the water at least three times without it going out of a designated lane, with the winner recording the longest distance. I was supposed to be joyful and free, but what I experienced was the opposite. I had no joy and I felt no freedom.

Researchers screened small molecule fragments that bind to metal ions in the enzyme. The Israeli air force destroyed a facility that the International Atomic Energy Agency later indicated appeared to have been an undeclared nuclear reactor.

Grain buyers had ratcheted up so-called basis bids tolofty levels as corn supplies dwindled to a year low afterlast year's drought. This is a company that still does business with the leadership of Iran, for crying out loud.

Through a Cayman Islands subsidiary of course. Cayman Islands are not subject to the sanctions No one there to sign them. The money that Iran has for building nuclear weapons and funneling money to Bashar Assad comes largely from Halliburton and similar companies. Halliburton is essentially an organized crime ring, near as I can tell. International Trade Commission on Friday ruled thatSouth Korea's Samsung infringes on portions of two Apple Incpatents on digital mobile devices, covering the detection ofheadphone jacks and operation of touchscreens.

I'd like to open a business account accutane 20mg journal The ruling, which comes roughly two months after Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer announced plans to retire within 12 months, hints at a widening gulf between the two companies at a time when both are re-setting their strategies and trying to adapt to changing market conditions.

I have no doubt Moocs will do the same for education," says Martin Bean, the Open University's vice-chancellor. We just don't have the debt out therethat we had. Part of that is lenders are requiring more. Clients take their places around the ballet barre as instructor Jessica Rochwarger leads them through typical yoga twists. Everyone wears socks and moves at their own pace. A puppetry exhibit in early will likely feature Bert and Ernie, among others, curators said.

Shares in Warrnambool added 0. I'd stand on a chair, my nose touching the table, while she made gnocchi with my brother and cousin.

I was the youngest and whenever I put a hand up to touch, they'd shout, 'No! You'll make a mess, you're too young. But like most medical tests, they have their limitations. Hodgson removed Rooney, who lacked true sharpness, and sent on Lambert. He still departed with England fans singing his name. His debut was a dream, but the memory remains of some nightmarish defending. This is all that we have. It was the first time ithad topped , denoting a loss, since the Japanese earthquakeand floods in Thailand in Besides, Alex has been getting booed since he stepped on a major league field when he was For Adrianza it was quite a day to remember.

In addition to hitting the first home run of his career, off Pettitte, two innings later he had the experience of having his bat broken by Rivera before striking out. Patton lived in a San Francisco apartment house that Naso once managed. Findlay, Ohio-based Cooper said it does not agree with such a price reduction. Have you got a telephone directory? Army staff sergeant allegedly shot seven times by a comrade, psychiatrist Maj. Nidal Hasan, in a deadly shooting rampage at Ft. Hood, testified today that after being hit in the head and back, he played dead to avoid being killed.

I can't wait to get started. The Americans have also prevailed in seven of their last eight Gold Cup matches, the exception being a loss to Mexico in final. Keith Alexander, made last-minute appeals to lawmakers, urging them to oppose the amendment.

Aircraft are safer and the chances of catastrophe rarer now that at any time in history, experts said. These actions may include refusal to register the centre, prosecution, the placing of additional registration conditions and, in situations where there is significant risk to the life or to the health or welfare of residents, immediate cancellation of the centre's registration," HIQA explained. Shunned by international banks, they grew close through old-school bartering. National Hurricane Center in Miami says it's forecast to reach tropical storm strength later in the day or Wednesday night.

It continues with demonstrations and events all weekend, as well as the mother of all artisan producer markets. Look out for celebrity chefs chatting to their mates in local watering holes.

They say they were even getting phone calls Thursday from people wanting to donate. The exact amount families spend varies depending on income. The CARD Act says card issuerscan no longer allow consumers to exceed their limits unless thecardholders first agree to pay fees when they go over.

About 55 percenthave reported revenue above estimates, more than in the pastfour quarters but below the historical average. Scaleis important for equity exchanges, as sharing technology and thepotential for listings and data revenue makes the businessesmore viable. I ran my first marathon on none. But you always have that dull headache and odd taste in the mouth. This fear is related to their awareness of the high rate of violence used in attacks.

Your cash is being counted alendronate 70 mg Peter Wade is a writer and community coordinator at Fast Company. Previously, he was a writer at The Daily. Rowe's bet on Twitter underscores the strength of thecurrent IPO market, which has fully recovered from the sourtaste left by Facebook Inc's debut in May Not onlyis social media back in favor, but mutual funds have a fullslate of IPOs to consider for their investors.

El Nacional editor Miguel Henrique Otero called the move an attack on freedom of expression in statements published Sunday. The gain was slightly slower than in the first three months of the year, but was still seen as a good sign that consumers are coping well in spite of a higher payroll tax rate this year. Then commanders must plan for sustaining military action, for feeding, fuelling and equipping a mission over a longer time. Boeing resolved the issue by redesigning those batteries to better guard against heat buildup, encasing them in fireproof steel boxes and cutting a vent in the plane to dump smoke and heat away from passengers.

It has been profitable since, a fact that analysts put down to its ability to persuade players to pay several times over to continue the same game. Its "freemium model", in which games are free but players can pay for add-ons or extra lives, has been particularly effective because of the success of Candy Crush, described by some analysts as a global phenomenon. He was hearing voices. Three people were following him, he told the cops. They were sending microwaves through walls, making his skin vibrate and preventing him from sleeping.

He had already twice changed hotels to escape the men, the radiation, the voices. The Institute for Supply Management's Septemberread on the services sector will be released at But that would worsen the finances of the retirement program, which is facing its own long-term financial problems. Yet six scientists published relevant papers in, and thousands more have worked to detect the Higgs at theCERN research centre's giant particle-smasher near Geneva.

Timid gazpacho dipping sauce packs no punch. Well, thanks a lot for that. If I answered emails after two weeks, my company would go down the pan. What gives local councils the idea they can treat their customers with such contempt? Well at least I have achieved something.

Foreign companies would be more likely to invest here. The demand for goods and services would go up — creating more jobs for American workers. High in humility, extraversion, self-efficacy, and emotional intelligence, transformational leaders focus on followers as individuals and inspire high goal attainment. Organizations can increase TL behaviors through top-down training strategies.

This paper evaluates salient TL characteristics and considerations for organizations wishing to create positive organization-wide change. Journal of Hospital Administration , 6 4 , 9 p. Researchers surveyed registered nurses who worked in hospitals. Results showed that 98 percent of nurses found their work physically and mentally demanding. The nurses cited excessive workloads as the top source of fatigue, at 60 percent.

The inability to take lunch or dinner breaks during shifts 42 percent , the inability to take breaks during shifts 41 percent and insufficient sleep between shifts 25 percent followed. Survey of nurses shows fatigue causing many to consider leaving current job.

Trois thèmes principaux ont été identifiés: Les résultats de cette recherche phénoménologique mettent en lumière les défis organisationnels et émotionnels auxquels est confronté le personnel infirmier exerçant en psychiatrie.

Recherche en soins infirmiers , 1 , Le comité, composé de représentants patronaux, syndicaux et de gens du programme de travail gouvernement fédéral , est parvenu au consensus suivant: Centre patronal de santé sante et de sécurité du travail.

Minimally invasive surgery MIS has shown significant benefits for patients and healthcare systems. However, due to the poor ergonomic adaptation of operating rooms and surgical instruments, most surgeons suffer from pain caused by musculoskeletal disorders MSDs.

A descriptive survey on MIS surgeons working on different surgical specialties has been carried out in Hospital Valdecilla Spain. The study determines the prevalence of MSDs in different parts of the body and their relationship with epidemiological and labor variables. A questionnaire was filled out by surgeons.

Industries et groupes professionnels. Risque de facultés affaiblies attribuable au cannabis. Enfin, il renferme des conseils sur les façons: Lorsque des recommandations sont faites, elles ne sont offertes que comme des pratiques exemplaires ou prometteuses. Stratégies en milieu de travail: The past, present, and future of the science of incivility. Incivility refers to rude, condescending, and ostracizing acts that violate workplace norms of respect, but otherwise appear mundane.

Organizations sometimes dismiss these routine slights and indignities, which lack overt malice, as inconsequential. However, science has shown that incivility is a real stressor with real consequences: We now know a great deal about how common incivility is, who gets targeted with it, under what conditions, and with what effects. The first half of this article reviews and synthesizes the last 15 years of workplace incivility research. In the second half, the authors look beyond that body of scholarship to pose novel questions and nudge the field in novel directions.

They also point to thorny topics that call for caution, even course correction. Incivility in organizations is as important now as ever. Their goal is to motivate new science on incivility, new ways to think about it and, ultimately, new solutions.

Journal of Occupational Health Psychology , 22 3 , Results and Clinical Implications of a National Survey. Because little information is available on whether ECPs are created and used, the N ational Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and the Organization for Safety, Asepsis and Prevention conducted an online survey to determine if dental practices had an ECP, whether present ECPs had the necessary components, and if impediments existed to prevent having an ECP in place.

Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry, 38 6. Dental workers not taking all steps to control exposure to nitrous oxide: Although most dental professionals use a scavenging system to prevent nitrous oxide gas from escaping during a dental procedure, adherence to other recommended practices, such as checking equipment for leaks, is lacking, according to a new study from NIOSH.

The agency surveyed dentists, dental hygienists and dental assistants in private practice who had used nitrous oxide in the previous week. However, a little more than half 51 percent reported that they did not check for leaks when using the gas on adult patients and 47 percent did not check before using it on pediatric patients. Contentions mécaniques en psychiatrie: Recherche en soins infirmiers, 1 , The excessive use of antipsychotic drugs among long-term nursing home residents with dementia has been among the most challenging issues in the care of this vulnerable population.

According to data from , dementia affects Childcare work appears to be full of the physical and mental risk factors frequently associated with chronic exertion leading to injury of the musculoskeletal system.

The purpose of this study was to examine the affordances and mechanics for lifting a child, and to associate those mechanics with physical demands reports provided by experienced childcare workers. Participants perceived a smaller safe reaching distance to a child compared to a conventional handling target, despite the identical load and similar load distribution.

Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science. High rates of burnout and musculoskeletal symptoms MS have also been reported for this group. Previous longitudinal studies show inconsistent results with regard to the association between ERI and MS. As yet, no longitudinal studies have been conducted to investigate the association between ERI and burnout or MS in childcare workers. This study aims to investigate the extent to which a relationship between ERI and MS or burnout can be observed in childcare workers in Germany on a longitudinal basis.

Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology. Ministère de la famille et des aînés. This study investigated the ways in which children conduct and adapt their emotion and behaviour regulation activities in socio-emotionally challenging situations in day-care settings. Early Childhood Research Quaterly , 41, The number of older workers in the workforce is increasing substantially, and advanced age is associated with factors that could influence musculoskeletal injury risk and work capacity.

Current maximum acceptable lifting weights based on psychophysical information may not protect female workers greater than 50 years of age. The objective of this study was to determine how simulated manual wheelchair pushing influences biomechanical loading to the lumbar spine and shoulders. Sixty-two subjects performed simulated wheelchair pushing and turning in a laboratory.

An electromyography-assisted biomechanical model was used to estimate spinal loads. Moments at the shoulder joint, external hand forces and net turning torque were also assessed. Patient handling is well known for the risk of musculoskeletal injury. Safe work practices are important to reduce risk of injury while performing patient handling tasks. This study investigated factors associated with safe patient handling behaviors and lift use among hospital nurses in the United States.

Safe patient handling behaviors and lift use were examined for the relationships with demographic characteristics, organizational safety practices, physical and psychosocial job factors, musculoskeletal symptoms, and perceptions about lift use and risk of injury.

International Journal of Nursing Studies , 74, For paramedics, loading a stretcher into an ambulance is an activity with a high risk of back injury and accidents.

The objective of this study was to document strategies paramedics use at work while loading a powered stretcher into an ambulance. A total of stretcher loading operations performed by 58 paramedics, and 51 semistructured post-intervention interviews were analyzed. Almost three quarters of loading operations required additional actions e. This action wastes time and requires significant physical efforts, as it is usually done alone.

This study suggests some potential solutions, related to equipment, training, workers and work organization, to reduce the risk of injury while loading stretchers. Applied Ergonomics , 65, In the event of a chemical spill or accident, emergency response personnel can be at risk of getting toxic substances on their skin. To guide the management and treatment protocols for chemical events involving skin exposures, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NIOSH has developed a dermal toolkit to assist employee health professionals and first responders.

The new resource provides an important adjunct to the numerous materials available for managing chemical inhalational exposures. The skin can serve as the critical exposure pathway for chemicals to enter the bloodstream.

Hospital Employee Health, 36 7 , Disinfection of gloved hands for multiple activities with indicated glove use on the same patient. Most hand hygiene guidelines recommend that gloves should be changed during patient care when an indication for hand disinfection occurs. Observational studies indicate that the majority of healthcare workers HCWs do not disinfect their hands at all during continued glove wear. The aim of this narrative review is to assess the potential benefits and risks for disinfecting gloved hands during patient care for multiple activities with indicated glove use on the same patient.

Continued glove wear for multiple activities on the same patient often results in performing procedures, including aseptic procedures with contaminated gloves, especially in a setting where there are many indications in a short time, e.

Of further note is that hand hygiene compliance is often lower when gloves are worn. To date, three independent studies have shown that decontamination is at least as effective on gloved hands as on bare hands and that puncture rates are usually not higher after up to 10 disinfections.

Journal of Hospital Infection. Elle est applicable dans les structures de toutes tailles. Sa mise en oeuvre peut être initiée par tous les acteurs de la structure, mais son efficacité repose sur une démarche collective.

Les résultats sont publiés dans un nouveau rapport: Le bonheur au travail, tout le monde y gagne: Les secrets des entreprises et des employés les plus heureux. Pour réaliser cette étude, Robert Half a collaboré avec les éminents spécialistes en bonheur et en bien-être Nic Marks et Saamah Abdallah de Happiness Works. Robert Half Canada Inc. Journal of Hospital Administration, 6 4 , 9 p.

A review and directions for future research. This review paper focuses on answering 2 research questions: A systematic computerized search and review of empirical papers published between January and December was conducted. Forty papers were found that met the criteria of reporting empirical results, being published in English, and focused on answering the above research questions.

Based on these papers it appears that, in general, transformational leadership positively predicts positive measures of well-being, and negatively predicts negative measures of well-being i. However, recent findings suggest that this is not always such a simple relationship. In addition, several mediating variables have been established, demonstrating that in many cases there is an indirect effect of transformational leadership on employee well-being. Although some boundary conditions have been examined, more research is needed on moderators.

The review demonstrated the importance of moving forward in this area with stronger research designs to determine causality, specifying the outcome variable of interest, investigating the dimensions of transformational leadership separately, and testing more complicated relationships. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 22 3 , Integrating psychological and systems perspectives.

Safety climate research has reached a mature stage of development, with a number of meta-analyses demonstrating the link between safety climate and safety outcomes. More recently, there has been interest from systems theorists in integrating the concept of safety culture and to a lesser extent, safety climate into systems-based models of organizational safety.

Such models represent a theoretical and practical development of the safety climate concept by positioning climate as part of a dynamic work system in which perceptions of safety act to constrain and shape employee behavior. The authors propose safety climate and safety culture constitute part of the enabling capitals through which organizations build safety capability.

We discuss how organizations can deploy different configurations of enabling capital to exert control over work systems and maintain safe and productive performance. They outline 4 key strategies through which organizations to reconcile the system control problems of promotion versus prevention, and stability versus flexibility.

Casey, Tristan, Griffin, Mark A. Is your recruiting problem really a retention problem? Organizations that excel in retaining their employees generally have better financial results and overall performance — which leads to a positive company culture and a highly engaged workforce. Kronos Incorporated, 6, [1] p. Computer work has been identified as a risk factor for upper extremity musculoskeletal problems UEMSP.

But few studies have investigated how psychosocial and organizational work factors affect this relation. The authors sought to estimate: Using — Québec survey data on workers, they carried out gender-stratified multivariable logistic regression modeling and two-way interaction analyses.

Nicolakakis, Nektaria, Stock, Susan R. This study evaluated whether a participatory action research intervention with nursing staff on acute care older people National Health Service wards in the United Kingdom was effective for increasing work engagement.

Mediation analyses between job resources social support, influence in decision-making , job demands, work-related needs autonomy, competence, relatedness , and work engagement explored the presumed psychological mechanisms underlying the intervention. Cet article a pour but de proposer des balises aux intervenants des soins primaires en répondant à la question suivante: Santé mentale au Québec, 42 1 , There are two largely distinct research literatures on the association of the nurse work environment and the safety climate on patient outcomes.

The purpose of this study was to determine whether hospital safety climate and work environment make comparable or distinct contributions to patient mortality. International Journal of Nursing Studies. A moderated mediation analysis. The role of organizational change in the process leading to the development of bullying has received only little attention so far.

The present longitudinal study aimed at filling this gap by examining a moderated mediation model through Structural Equation Modelling where the mediating effect of psychological strain in the relationship between workload and workplace bullying is moderated by the experience of organizational change. Sixty-seven nurses completed a 2-week work and sleep diary A multilevel fixed effects model was used to examine the sleep in QRs compared with two consecutive night shifts, two consecutive evening shifts, and two consecutive day shifts, respectively.

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 69 6 , Shift work is associated with adverse physical and psychological health outcomes.

The findings of this study suggested that a fixed night shift was associated with greater risks for sleep and mental health problems, and the associations might be mediated by sleep disturbance.

The number of hours people are required to work has a pervasive influence on both physical and mental health. Excessive working hours can also negatively affect sleep quality. The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences in sleep quality and anxiety and depression symptoms between longer working hours group LWHG and regular working hours group RWHG.

Furthermore, the authors examined factors influencing weekly working hours, sleep quality and anxiety and depressive symptoms.

Evaluate the organizational impact of these two technologies in terms of time required for the process. Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections have been linked to contaminated hospital taps, highlighting the potential for tap outlet fittings OF to harbour biofilm. Suggested interventions include flushing regimens and alternative OF designs. The puropse of this study was to investigate the transfer of P. A contaminated ice machine as a potential source for transmission of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii.

During an investigation of potential sources of transmission of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacilli on a spinal cord injury unit, we recovered genetically related carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates from the stool of 3 patients, the hands of a nurse, and an ice machine water outlet spout and drain.

Our findings suggest that contaminated ice machines could serve as a potential reservoir for dissemination of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacilli. Kanwar, Anubhav, Domitrovic, T. Are alcohol-based dispensers fomites for C difficile? The purpose of this study was to evaluate alcohol-based dispensers as potential fomites for Clostridium difficile. A convenience sample of alcohol-based dispensers was evaluated for the presence of C difficile either by culture or polymerase chain reaction for C difficile toxin.

The results demonstrated that C difficile was not cultured, and C difficile toxin was not detected using polymerase chain reaction; however, gram-positive rods, Clostridium perfringens, Pantoea agglomerans, coagulase-negative Staphylococcus, Peptostreptococcus, Bacillus spp, and microaerophilic Streptococcus were present within the overflow basins of the alcohol-based dispensers. Ordre des infirmières et infirmiers du Québec. Prix Innovation clinique Banque Nationale Un outil innovant développé par des infirmières et infirmiers pour protéger la santé des travailleurs.

In a supplement to the April issue of the Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, ONS released its first set of recommendations for nurse education and safe handling principles regarding immunotherapy administration. ONS recommendations are based on best-available evidence and the anecdotal experiences of professionals at cancer centers with varied experiences in immunotherapy administration. Safe handling precautions related to immunotherapy are drug specific.

Evidence is limited regarding the hazardous potential of novel immunotherapy agents, so it is up to each practice site to evaluate the immunotherapy agents they administer by reviewing current literature, product information, and safety data sheets. Understanding the mechanism of action helps in determining the potential risk to patients, their family members, and healthcare providers.

Collaboration with infection control or biologic safety departments may assist when developing policies and procedures regarding immunotherapy agents. As an example, live-virus cancer vaccines are one such class of immunotherapy requiring isolation procedures for the duration of treatment or until all lesions are healed.

Oncology Nursing Society Recommendations. As the use of immunotherapeutic agents increases in single-agent and multimodality treatment regimens, oncology nurses face the challenge of administering and caring for patients receiving new and unique agents.

Oncology Nursing Society clinical staff and clinical nurses collaborated to produce a set of recommendations to educate nurses involved with the monitoring of patients receiving immunotherapy on administration procedures and safe handling of these agents to ensure patient and staff safety and to reduce risk of error. The recommendations are meant to provide clinical nurses with a framework on which to build policies and procedures for administering new treatment modalities.

Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 21 2 , suppl. Occupational exposure to antineoplastic agents occurs in various environments and is associated with increased cancer risk and adverse reproductive outcomes. National-level information describing the location and extent of occupational exposure to antineoplastic agents is unavailable in Canada and most other countries.

CAREX Canada aimed to estimate the prevalence and relative levels of occupational exposures to antineoplastic agents across work setting, occupation, and sex.

Annals of Work exposure and Health. Comité patronal de santé et de sécurité du travail du Québec. Take precautions with emerging pathogen?

Though the risk of healthcare workers becoming infected is low, employee health professionals should be aware of an emerging multidrug-resistant fungus that is causing high mortality in hospital outbreaks. Are Healthcare Workers at Risk of C. While there is a proven vaccine for hepatitis B virus and an effective post-exposure prophylaxis PEP for HIV, one bloodborne pathogen that threatens healthcare workers has neither: However, the drugs now available to treat HCV are highly effective, raising the question of whether they could be used in a PEP protocol after needlesticks involving HCV-positive blood.

With cost, lack of data, it may be best to wait for seroconversion and treat. Hospital Employee Health , 36 7 , Though seroconversions to HIV or hepatitis infections are rare, needlesticks and other occupational blood exposures can throw healthcare workers into emotional turmoil and considerable angst as they await test results over several months.

Thus, some healthcare facilities take a zero-tolerance approach to needlesticks, constantly striving to prevent sharps injuries and exposures.

Because little information is available on whether ECPs are created and used, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and the Organization for Safety, Asepsis and Prevention conducted an online survey to determine if dental practices had an ECP, whether present ECPs had the necessary components, and if impediments existed to prevent having an ECP in place. A Case Report and Review of the Literature. Live-attenuated varicella vaccination is safe in non-immunocompromised population and associated with rare non-serious adverse events.

A healthcare worker HCW developed varicella infection and exposure investigation led to immunization against varicella in an exposed non-immune HCW. Subsequently, vaccine-strain induced disseminated varicella and progressive outer retinal necrosis in the exposed HCW resulted in identification of undiagnosed HIV infection.

The authors review serious adverse events from varicella vaccination and advice extreme caution prior to live vaccination of healthcare workers.

Letters to the Editor. Influenza vaccination of health care personnel HCP reduces absenteeism, prevents nosocomial transmission, and protects the community. Many hospitals have policies on HCP influenza vaccination or a mask mandate, yet the effects of government regulatory body mandates to reinforce these policies have not been well described.

Some state public health departments have vaccination or mask mandates for the entire state, like New York, whereas others, like California, leave it up to individual counties. Institut national de santé publique du Québec, v, 31 p. Characterization of chemical contaminants generated by a desktop fused deposition modeling 3-dimensional Printer.

Printing devices are known to emit chemicals into the indoor atmosphere. Understanding factors that influence release of chemical contaminants from printers is necessary to develop effective exposure assessment and control strategies.

In this study, a desktop fused deposition modeling FDM 3-dimensional 3-D printer using acrylonitrile butadiene styrene ABS or polylactic acid PLA filaments and two monochrome laser printers were evaluated in a 0.

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 14 7 , The heated deposition process raises concerns of potential aerosol and volatile organic compounds VOC emission and exposure. The decreasing cost of desktop 3-D printers has made the use of 3-D printers more acceptable in non-industrial workplaces lacking sufficient ventilation.

Meanwhile, little is known about the characteristics of 3-D printing fume emission. The objective of this study was to characterize aerosols and VOC emissions generated from various filaments used with a low-cost 3-D printer in an environmental testing chamber. Utilisation professionnelle de désinfectants de haut niveau et fécondité chez les infirmières. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene , 14 7 , Qui décidera, et selon quels critères?

Travail et santé, 33 2 , Travail et santé , 33 2 , The work-based predictors of job engagement and job satisfaction experienced by community health professionals. Job engagement represents a critical resource for community-based health care agencies to achieve high levels of effectiveness. However, studies examining the organizational sources of job engagement among health care professionals have generally overlooked those workers based in community settings.

This study drew on the demand—control model, in addition to stressors that are more specific to community health services e. Job satisfaction was also included as a way of assessing how the predictors of job engagement differ from those associated with other job attitudes. Health Care Management Review, 42 3 , Santé mentale au Québec , 42 1 , These studies cited the need for systematic reviews given the growing body of literature in the field and the proliferation of stress management interventions and mental health wellness programs, which have traditionally been viewed as two distinct initiatives.

More recent research has shown a trend toward incorporating stress management as a component of workplace wellness programs. As part of the special series Journal of Occupational Health Psychology at 20 , the purpose of this paper is to reflect back on the findings of the meta-analyses to review what was learned, see what new studies have added to the literature, and assess recent social and political changes that present new challenges—and opportunities—for the field.

Occupational stress is a major modern health and safety challenges. While the ED is known to be a high-pressure environment, the specific organisational stressors which affect ED staff have not been established. The authors conducted a systematic review of literature examining the sources of organisational stress in the ED, their link to adverse health outcomes and interventions designed to address them.

A narrative review of contextual factors that may contribute to occupational stress was also performed. Emergency Medicine Journal, 34 7. Exposition des travailleurs québécois à des cancérogènes: The effect of effort-reward imbalance on the health of childcare workers in Hamburg: Applied Ergonomics, 65, Broadening our view, responding together.

In , Professor Klaus Wahl of Germany published an interesting, comprehensive analytical model of aggression and violence that links microcosmic and macrocosmic levels.

The level of the microcosm encompasses genes, the brain and psychic processes, bio-physiological survival mechanisms and various types of aggression.

The level of the macrocosm encompasses the environment, socialization and situation-induced social dynamics. Violence in the Health Sector: Broadening our view, responding together, October , Dublin, Ireland. An overview of conceptual and policy considerations viewed through a gender lens. This report reviews the international literature and a selection of regulatory instruments with respect to occupational violence — work-related violence involving incidents in which a person is physically, psychologically or sexually assaulted, threatened, harassed, bullied or mobbed in circumstances relating to their work.

This definition covers a broad range of actions and behaviours that can create a risk to the health and safety of employees. It provides an overview of policy strategies addressing the prevention of occupational violence.

It also examines the various, sometimes competing conceptual frameworks underpinning policy responses to violence, and describes different models of regulatory and policy interventions.

It also examines compensation for disability attributable to occupational violence, and other remedies and sanctions. It identifies the gender dimensions of occupational violence and the need for gender-responsive policy in this area.

Évidemment, cette responsabilité impose des devoirs relativement à la gestion de la violence au travail. Convergence , 32 3 , The original tool had acceptable sensitivity and specificity for identifying potentially aggressive patients in acute care medical-surgical units, but its usefulness in long-term care homes is unknown.

The aim of this study was to revise the item Aggressive Behaviour Risk Assessment Tool for predicting aggressive events among residents newly admitted to long-term care homes. A retrospective cohort study design was used. This study examined the effectiveness of an intervention program to enhance unit safety climate and minimize employee risk of injury from patient violence.

The intervention program, including a 3-day workshop, was offered to personnel on maximum security units of an Israeli psychiatric hospital. Safety climate was examined before and after the implementation of the intervention, and incidents of patient violence were investigated. This study demonstrated that an intervention program to enhance safety climate was associated with a decrease in the number of aggressive incidents.

The researchers concluded that this intervention program is likely to return a sense of safety to workers and reduce workplace violence. Simulation — a way to coproduce safety healthcare facilities. Moving a hospital is a critical period for quality and safety of healthcare. Change is very stressful for professionals. Workers who have experienced relocation of their place of work report deterioration in health status.

Building a new hospital or restructuring a unit could provide an opportunity for improving safety and value in healthcare and for ensuring better quality of worklife for the staff. The authors used in situ simulation to promote experiential learning by training healthcare workers in the workplace in which they are expected to use their skills. In situ simulation was a way to design, plan, assess, and implement a new healthcare environment before opening its doors for patient care.

They can envisage that it will soon be used formally to identify potential problems in healthcare delivery and in staff quality of worklife in new healthcare facilities. Simulation is a way to coproduce a safe and valuable healthcare facility. To provide adequate nursing care it is important for nursing staff to communicate effectively with people with dementia.

Due to their limited communication skills, people with dementia have difficulties in understanding communication and expressing themselves verbally. Nursing staff members often report communication difficulties with people with dementia, which emphasises the urgent need for interventions to improve their communication with people in this specific target group.

This study aimed to provide an up-to-date overview of communication interventions that are applicable during daily nursing care activities, irrespective of care setting, and to describe the effects on communication outcomes in people with dementia and nursing staff. Machiels, Mariska, Metzelthun, Silke F. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 66, Voici quelques-unes des réalisations à la buanderie, aux installations matérielles et au magasin.

Ces idées pourront vous inspirer dans vos milieux de travail. Ont été sélectionnés les agents chimiques classés cancérogènes, avérés ou probables , les rayonnements ionisants et le travail de nuit chez les femmes.

Les secteurs à cibler ont une spécificité de genre: Exposition à de multiples agents cancérogènes: Voici un bref aperçu du projet. Au menu dans cette chronique:. Falls prevention among older people and care providers: Protocol for an integrative review.

Some falls prevention programmes are successfully implemented and led by nurses and it is acknowledged the vital role they play in developing plans for fall prevention. Cette fiche vous présente la démarche à suivre pour sélectionner une chaussure qui offre une bonne adhérence tout en procurant une sécurité adéquate contre les autres risques. Toutefois, elle va plus loin et dirige vers bon nombre de ressources pour approfondir la question et déterminer le type de chaussure adapté aux contraintes de votre milieu de travail.

Guides et outils techniques et de sensibilisation, fiche technique: Impact of climbing direction, gloves, gender and adaptation. Ladder falls cause many fatal injuries. The factors that affect whether a ladder perturbation leads to a fall are not well understood.

Thirty-five participants each experienced six unexpected ladder missteps, for three glove conditions bare hands, high friction, low friction and two climbing directions ascent, descent.

Fall severity was increased during ladder descent. Applied Ergonomics, 60, Devez-vous mettre des gants pour préparer une dilution? Si vous êtes éclaboussée en transvidant le savon dans une petite bouteille, savez-vous comment réagir? Sans pépins, 18 3 , Il neigera bientôt, préparons les traîneaux. Toutes ces actions font-elles partie du travail, doivent-elles nécessairement être accomplies par les éducatrices? Sans pépins , 18 3 , 9.

Organisation du travail — Déclarer les situations dangereuses. Sans pépins, 18 3 , 1. Un support pour tablette informatique pour les employés qui se déplacent avec leur tablette;. The rate for musculoskeletal injuries among health care workers is one of the highest for all industrial sectors in the United States; these injuries often occur during manual handling i.

The following article describes the process used to complete a comprehensive assessment, as well as the planning, implementation, and initial evaluation of a quality improvement program to reduce work-related musculoskeletal disorders WMSD among health care workers employed by a rural Midwest hospital. Key elements for WMSD injury reduction were identified and compared across literature sources, national standards, and current state and federal legislative requirements for hospitals.

The program used a multi-factor design that included evidence-based interventions i. Initial program results are reviewed as well as significant considerations and challenges for SPHM programs. Association française de normalisation et Comité européen de normalisation. Partie 2, brancard motorisé. La Plaine Saint-Denis, France: AFNOR, 4, 11 p. Enquête Accident — Interview des témoins: Certains éléments doivent être respectés pour en obtenir un bon résultat. Guide source en SST , 32 5, suppl.

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The delivery program covers the complete range of vehicles and vacuum technology equipment needed in potroom and cast houses. In our booth, you will find our new developments with regards to vehicles that reach the latest HSE standards and contribute to the efficiency of primary smelters and cast houses.

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Hycast s principle task is to ensure a leading edge for Hydro Aluminium in melt refining and casting technology. The annual turnover for Hycast approximates USD mill. Hycast has extensive expertise in aluminium cast house technology. Key competencies include project management, as well as metallurgical, mechanical and electrical automotive and process control engineering. Activities within these areas are performed internally, while supplementary services are recruited from selected external partners.

Many involved turnkey supplies, with Hycast being responsible for supervision, installation, commissioning and testing of all equipment and systems supplied. Beginning in November , Hycast s technology and expertise are also available to customers outside Hydro Aluminium. Hysitron s nanomechanical test instruments provide high-speed in-situ SPM imaging in addition to the quantitative measurement of many mechanical properties, including hardness, modulus, fracture toughness, and wear resistance.

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Impec is situated in Norway just outside a Hydro Aluminium smelter. We work on a daily basis with the aluminium industry in Norway, and we are familiar with the industry s demands and needs. The company has so far performed a number of successful projects in the aluminium industry.

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IMA s members consist of: The IMA serves the industry and its membership through its Annual World Magnesium Conference and other workshops and seminars held worldwide. Webb Worldwide Company, Webb Australia and Webb-India, has more than 50 years experience providing turnkey systems for aluminium carbon plant production. Whether you re constructing a new facility or upgrading an existing plant, Webb Aluminium Group will work with you to design a system that meets your specific needs.

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Life Cycle Engineering Charleston, SC Booth Life Cycle Engineering LCE is a leading provider of reliability consulting, engineering services and applied technology solutions that help both government and private enterprises achieve sustainable success.

Widely recognized as the premier provider of innovative and successfully executed reliability and maintenance solutions worldwide, areas of focus for LCE include: For over 68 years, Light Metal Age has covered primary production and semifabrication of the light metals. The majority of editorial coverage is of aluminum processing and production, but also includes magnesium and titanium.

Circulation is international and goes to primary and secondary smelters; casthouses; extrusion operations; rolling mills; sheet, rod, and wire mills; and foundries. Recipients are executives, general managers, plant managers, technicians, metallurgists, chemists, and engineers responsible for fabrication, production, and operations. Some of the editorial topics covered in Light Metal Age include: For more information, visit Light Metal Age on the web at: Royer, celebrating its 75th anniversary, is your one stop supplier for specialized and innovative safety footwear.

Royer s specialized safety footwear, including our renowned smelter boots, are designed for ultimate performance in the multiple environment of your industry. Royer in North America, adds to the mix to bring you a lighter dual density rubber sole that protects from heat and extreme cold and offer superior traction, shock absorption and durability. With our wide range of adapted protection, including internal and external metatarsal protection, men and ladies styles, plus extra wide, you will find the best style for you.

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For 20 years, Opsis has provided the aluminium smelter industry automatic monitoring systems for potroom and duct measurements of Hydrogen Fluoride HF and also other components such as ulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, VOC s and others. Monitoring solutions are provided as integrated systems including gas measurements, additional sensors such as flow and temperature and software applications for reporting and networking.

For open path measurements in the potroom roof vent, potroom instability can cause alignment issues. The Opsis monitoring technology features optional automatic alignment function of the telescopes that will keep the optical paths optimized at all times.

Opsis has a worldwide network of technically skilled distributor companies. Ypsilanti, MI Booth 59 Riedhammer GmbH Nuernberg, Germany Booth 25 Since , the company has specialized in the design, construction and commission of highly productive, state- of- the-art Ring Pit Furnaces for baking of first quality anodes and cathodes for the aluminum industry as well as electrodes for the steel industry: Our reference list includes the major players in the production of primary aluminum with pre-baked technology as well as the top suppliers of electrodes for the steel industry.

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We supply high quality bauxite, alumina and aluminium worldwide and our AP smelting technology is the industry benchmark. Our enviable hydroelectric power position delivers significant competitive advantages in today s carbon-constrained world. Rio Tinto Alcan is the aluminium product group of Rio Tinto, a leading international business involved in each stage of metal and mineral production.

Rio Tinto s major products are aluminium, copper, diamonds, coal, iron ore, uranium, gold and industrial minerals. Sun Stone also has sister companies in Korea, India and Turkey. The full range of purpose designed machines covers different types of equipment performing a large number of operations in pot-rooms, rodding shops and cast-houses.

The Company s aim is to provide the most innovative, rational, cost effective and user friendly technical solutions. Beside its line of purposed designed vehicles, Techmo provides a number of stationary equipment such as Crucible Cleaning Machines, the Crucible Tilting stations and the Anode Butts Cleaning Stations. With a unique library of pluys alloy grades, our handheld XRF instruments provide immediate, nondestructive chemical analysis of aluminum, titanium, and nickel alloys, as well as superalloys, stainless steel, and other metals.

These analyzers deliver superior performance in the form of faster analysis, lower detection limits and unparalleled analytical precision. This can mean decreased potential for material mix-ups, as well as instant recovery of lost traceability. Using the Niton XL3 with GOLDD technology, you not only gain rapid grade identification and lab-quality composition, but also improvements in light element detection, overall sensitivity, and measurement times.

Thermo-Calc Software Inc McMurray, PA Booth 00 Thermo-Calc Software is a leading developer of software and databases for calculations involving computational thermodynamics and diffusion controlled simulations.

Thermo-Calc is a powerful tool for performing thermodynamic calculations for multi-component systems. Calculations are based on thermodynamic databases produced by expert evaluation of experimental data.

Databases are available for steels, Ti, Al, Ni-superalloys and other materials. Programming interfaces are available which enable Thermo-Calc to be called directly from in-house developed software or MatLab. Powered by MultiView, the Guide gives materials and metallurgy professionals a faster and easier way to find great vendors. Simplifind your search today at tmsmarketplace. Equipment X Hall-Héroult Cell: PM Functional and Structural Nanomaterials: Fabrication, Properties, Applications and Implications: Poster Session Sponsored by: Nanomaterials Committee Program Organizers: The present report outlines their micro- and nanomechanical applications, where nanotools made from SMA may help resolve presently unresolved problems, such as 3D manipulation of real nano-sized objects including single wall carbon nanotubes, graphene layers or living cells and viruses.

In the present experiments the actuating structures made from Ti2NiCu SMA have been constructed and tested in an environment of vacuum camera of scanning ion microscope, with an active layer thickness in the range of nm. The shape memory strains of the structures controlled by laser radiation were measured. See video demonstration on the web: So it can find applications in many fields, such as mechanical, chemical, and microelectronic industries. The mechanical properties and density of NbC increased with decrease in initial particle size of NbC.

The fracture toughness and hardness values obtained from 0 hrs milled powder were 5. The hysteresis loop of the nanocrytalline alloy films being characterized under a vibratory Sample magnetometry shows the films to have a high magnetic permeability, low coreceivity, good for industrial applications.

These films could also be produced by thermal means but such process is expensive usually requiring the use of high temperature and high energy conditions. The novel electrochemical cell processing technique designed by the present Author to electro-deposit microstructures and nanocrystalline films different from those produced by thermal means.

A Organophilic clays OC and polymers produce a new type of nanocomposites. Technological, economical, and environmental properties of polymers are enhanced. At Brazil several laboratories of public and private entities are researching many works on this line. This paper presents a case study inside these research lines.

Gianvito Caputo ; Davide Cozzoli ; University of Salento In the past years, the ability to rapidly and efficiently transfer nanocrystals from their growing environment into diverse liquids is crucial in the fields that require careful balance of the hydrophilic and hydrophobic components on a nanostructured surface, exploitable for example in biomedicine, and waste treatment.

Three main general strategies have been pursued to transfer as-prepared nanocrystals in different liquids, but they suffer from several major drawbacks, such as tedious functionalization steps, and aggregation phenomena.

Here, we demonstrate that the UV-driven TiO2 hydrophilicization mechanism can be extended to processing of nanostructures in the liquid phase, devising a simple photochemical technique by which the solubility behaviour of organic-capped TiO2 nanocrystals can be reversibly switched in solvents of dissimilar polarity and solvation ability.

Our approach offers a way of beating the metastability of UV-hydrophilicized TiO2 surfaces, paving the way to a new class of solution-processable TiO2 nanostructures with surfactant-like amphiphilic properties. Its properties provide a desirable combination of a high melting temperature C , high modulus GPa , good oxidation resistance in air, a relatively low density 6.

Combined with good thermal and electric conductivities, these properties have led to the utilization of MoSi2 as a heating element material in high-temperature furnaces operating in air up to about C.

However, as in the case of many such compounds, the current concern about these materials focuses on their low fracture toughness below the ductile-brittle transition temperature. To improve on the mechanical properties of these materials, the fabrication of nanostructured composite material has been found to be effective. A dense nanostructured MoSi2 Si3N4 was sintered by the high-frequency induction heating method within 2 minutes from mechanically synthesized powder of MoSi2 Si3N4.

The average grain sizes of MoSi2 and Si3N4 were about 52 nm and nm, respectively. These fracture toughness and hardness values of nanostuctured MoSi2 Si3N4 composite are higher than those fracture toughness; 2. The effect of oxygen flow rate on the morphology, particle size and surface area are investigated. The increased surface area, pore size and pore volume makes the nano-structured silica suitable for its use in catalytic applications. The present study considers a different approach to the two major problems of heterogeneous catalysis viz.

The novel ambiphillic properties of silica as heterogeneous acid catalysts produced from rice husk will be discussed. There are great interest in developing high-efficiency thermoelectrical TE materials for power generation.

Significant improvements in a few TE material systems have been realized in thin film through the incorporation of nanoscale structures, there still exists a formidable difficulty in synthesizing the quantumconfined materials into a bulk material, which is essential to form a practical TE system capable of producing sufficiently strong power generation or energy harvesting. This presentation is on the development of low-cost, nanowiresenhanced bulk TE nanocomposites for high-efficiency, compact TE devices.

With the support from one ongoing DoE SBIR program on this project, Aegis has established the capability in the development and large scale production of high performance nanostructured TE materials. The latest results including the establishment of a cost-effective scalable process, the influence of key processing parameters, and the characterizations of the bulk TE nanocomposites are presented. Advances in Composite, Cellular and Natural Materials: Composite Materials Committee Program Organizers: Decomposition characteristics of TiH2 powder with different pre-treating temperatures and different particle sizes and distribution with particle sizes were investigated; Effects of TiH2 powder with different particle sizes on change of cell structures were analyzed.

The results show that temperatures of endothermic peaks within DSC curves of TiH2 powder increase with the rise of pre-treating temperatures while those increase slowly with different particle sizes. Cell sizes and thicknesses of Al foams increase with particle sizes in the identical foaming process.

Size distribution, particle shape and phase structure of samples were investigated by means of laser particle size distribution, scanning electron microscope sem , and X-ray diffractometry XRD.

The results show that particles size and its distribution range for mixture powders decrease with increase of the milling time. When the milling time is up to 24h, the average particle size is. The nanocrystalline Al4Si3C6 is obtained using the mixture powders treated by high energy milling for 24h as the sinter materials, when the sinter temperature is conducted at sinter in argon for 20min. This suggested that the nanocrystalline Al4Si3C6 could be formed in low temperature under the particular processing conditions.

Lisi Liang ; Guangchun Yao ; Yongliang Mu ; Lei Wang ; Institute of Materials and Metallurgy, Northeastern University The feasibility analysis of closed-cell aluminum foam sandwich panels used as train floor and acoustic side-lining was conducted and a comparison was made with other train floor and acoustic side-lining, according to the noise frequency characteristic curve inside the train, Sound insulation characteristic curve and vibration isolation performance test results.

The purpose is to reduce the noise and the vibration inside the carriages. The results show that the noise reduction capacity and damping capacity of closed-cell aluminum foam panels with a density of 0.

Sound absorption properties of the absorbing boards made up of the closed-cell Al foams are measured. The results show that absorption effects of Al foams are good during the frequency range of Hz. The sound absorption features of noise barriers made up of Al foams are investigated and are compared with fiber glass and open Al foams.

The results show that noise barriers of Al foams have a better developing trend in noise reduction of railways. Li Xiaodan ; Zhai Yuchun ; Qiu Feng ; Zhang Haixin ; Institute of Materials and Metallurgy, Northeastern University Aluminum metal matrix composites were processed by stir casting technique with commercially pure aluminum as the matrix material and nano- SiC 40nm particles as the reinforcement.

Since it is extremely difficult to obtain uniform dispersion of nano-sic particles in molten metal, we designed the experimental setup consists of fusion, vacuum and stir parts. Aluminum matrix nano-composites with various weight percentages of nano-sic particles were fabricated.

It validates that the Al-SiCp composites of below 0. It also indicates that the samples show uniform distribution of particles after h thermostatic processing at Mechanical properties of the samples have been improved and the strengthening mechanism is major attributes to the higher dislocation density. Fabrication, Characterization and Applications: Aluminum Processing Committee Program Organizers: In this model, two assumes were proposed: So, the evolution of the mobile dislocation density can be developed based on the evolution of whole dislocation density and the distribution of their superkink heights.

And the evolution of obstacles density can be derived from the evolution of the mobile dislocation density. The model was used to simulate flow behaviors of IC0 under different experiment conditions.

The results show that it is valid. Senthil Kumaran ; National Institute of Technology Friction welding of tube to tube plate using an external tool is an innovative friction welding process which is capable of producing leak proof high quality weld joints. In the present study, tube to tube plate welds have been performed and metal flow analysis has been carried out by radiography test and brass insertion technique.

Based on the results obtained, the metal flow pattern and the principle behind joint formation are explained. Muna Abbass ; University of Technology This work aims to study the effect of age hardening heat treatment on the corrosion behavior of friction stir welded joint of AA aluminum alloy. Corrosion current was found using potentiostatic polarization measurements of all samples in 3.

It was found that the corrosion rate of welds was higher than that of base metal before age treatment. Post weld aging treatment leads to reduce the corrosion current of welds because of precipitation homogeneity occurring in the microstructures of various welding regions.

Fabrication by pressureless infiltration is promising; however inadequate wetting and the potential attack of SiC by molten aluminum represent two major drawbacks. These can be overcome by adequately controlling alloy chemistry, processing time and temperature, preform porosity and particle size. In particular high levels of Si and Mg are required e. In this work the electrochemical behavior of plain Al-Si-Mg alloys with varying concentrations of Si and Mg is investigated in near-neutral solutions by means of potentiodynamic polarization measurements.

The role of alloying elements on the resistance to pitting corrosion of such alloys in chloride containing solutions is discussed by comparing the results to those for pure aluminum. The Mg2Si intermetallic has a determining effect on the electrochemical behavior of these alloys since it behaves anodic with respect to the matrix. This study is to explore the effect of friction stir processing FSP with artificial aging on erosion characteristics.

The fullannealed A was used as base metal BM. It generally had high erosion rate at oblique impact angles. After FSP, the refined and uniformly distributed second phases can help to increase the erosion resistance. The t phase was easily removed by the impact of erodent particles. The hardness and deformation resistance were increased, and the maximum erosion rate was decreased after peak-aging treatments.

The result shows that the descending order of factors influencing tensile strength is as follows: The preferable welding parameters are reached as: The heataffected zone HAZ of alloy side less than 20um without any abnormal structure, the tensile strength of Welded joints up to MPa, and the fractograph exhibited typical ductile dimple fracture pattern. Kiran Aithal ; N. Narendranath 2 ; Vijay Desai 2 ; P. A modified centrifugal technique has been used specially designed for the purpose.

The cast test samples were evaluated using optical microscope, Scanning electron microscope and Hardness test. The hardness decreased from Upper end to the lower end. This was confirmed by the structure of this alloy varying from enriched Hyper-Eutectic at upper end through to Hypoeutectic at the lower end.

The test showed wear resistance was more on the upper hyper eutectic region and less on the lower region of the cast sample as expected. Modification of Hypereutectic Al When Nd addition was 0. XRD patterns showed that no new phase formed after Nd modification. The results of mechanical properties test showed that whole properties of modified samples were significantly improved. Tensile strength was increased about The improvement of mechanical properties should attribute to fine primary and eutectic silicon after modification.

The effect of different heating rate on spreading was studied. Experimental results show that: As temperature rising, KAlF4 in flux melted firstly, removed part of the oxide film of substrate and resulted in a shiny appearance. Then, other components of the flux melted, dissolved oxide film and provided a locally protective atmosphere by covering over the surface of substrate and brazing alloy.

The contact angle of samples rapidly heated was about 3, whereas that slowly heated was about A large number of bone-like CuAl2 eutectic and rich silicon intermetallic compounds formed inside brazing alloy and extended to substrate. In this study, the effect of gate design to the ingate velocity is studied. The real gating system used in the production of an automotive part is used as a case study and a commercial casting process simulation is used as a tool. The experimental results show that, by changing only the gate design but still use the same runner system and process parameters setup, ingate velocity can be increased by 0 percent.

The increased of ingate velocity would benefit in reducing the use of high plunger velocity, which results in less machine power, lower tool wear, less flash, and higher injection pressure. Niloofar Kamkar Zahmatkesh ; Kamran Dehghani ; Amirkabir University of Technology Using artificial neural network ANN , the effect of composition on bake hardenability of two aluminum alloys and 60 was studied and verified based on experimental data.

Following these, the bake hardening and final yield stress values were predicted. Samples were prepared from the as received sheets. They were then subjected to different aging conditions in temperature range of C, following different amounts of pre-straining for minutes. Test results show that the bake hardenability increased with increasing ageing time and temperature and prestrain amount, as well as Zn content.

By comparing the predicted values with the experimental data, it is demonstrated that the ANN model is a useful and practical tool for prediction of bake hardenability and mechanical properties of these two alloys. Dali Cao ; Jikun Wang; Zhongning Shi ; Zhaowen Wang ; Yi Liu ; University of Shenyang Chemical Technology Al-Ti-C master alloys used as grain refiners of aluminum and its alloys with different titanium and carbon contents have been prepared by excess aluminum, graphite power and titanium dioxide in the presence of cryolite flux.

The phenomenon that Al-Ti-C alloys creep up along the inner wall of the crucible when the TiO2 content in the flux comparatively excess aluminum content has been found. The influence of various process parameters on Al-Ti-C master alloy has been studied in detailed. Prasad Shanmugasandaram ; Narayani Narasimhan ; Balasivananda Prabhu ; Hariharan Raja ; Anna University The paper involves developing nanostructured Al particles and characterizing their unique mechanical properties and microstructure.

A split die of required dimensions to produce maximum possible strain without causing failure is used for the process. The resulting Aluminium alloy material can be widely used in aerospace industries where the proposed increase in density and toughness will make a very big impact. Sports, yatch construction, automotive industries also stand to gain out of this project.

The characterization will give researchers and industrialists better insight into the mechanical behaviour and properties of Al processed through ECAP. Suggestions relating to more optimized die design and lubrication aims at making ECAP a more efficient and effective production process for bulk materials. The microstructure of hypo-eutectic Al The nonequilibrium microstructures of the hyper-eutectic A The primary a phase is an extended solid solution. The cellular growth mechanism of the a phase is interpreted in term of the decrease of the diffusivity and the extended solid solution under high pressure.

The effect of high pressure on stability of solid-liquid interface were discussed. However the condition of the reaction is seldom expatiated.

References indicated that it is easy to synthesize AlP whenever through adding phosphorus to melted aluminum or being calcined the mixture of Al and compounds containing phosphorus, although the limits of reaction temperature is not mentioned. In this paper, used powders as raw materials, diffusion couple of Al and P at lower reaction temperature is studied. Scanning electronic microscope, X-ray diffraction, Energy-dispersive spectroscopy and optical microscopy are used to detect the reactants.

The results show gasified phosphorus can react to solid aluminum at a few centigrade higher than etherealization temperature but almost not under it. The results agree with thermodynamics calculations. In order to capture the flow features of IC0, a new phenomenological constitutive equation is developed. The effectiveness of this newly developed model is verified by extensive experiments on IC0. In present paper, the coarse ferrosilicon-aluminum alloy containing The thermal decomposition rate of lithium carbonate and reduction rate of Lithia by coarse ferrosilicon-aluminum alloy are investigated under different experiment conditions.

The result shows that the decomposition rate of lithium carbonate is up to PM presents designing and fabricating a unitized Ti-based metal implant closely resembling the natural bone for amputation prostheses based on a computed tomography scan of the patient s joint. The efficient fill and porous structure at appropriate location of the implant has potential to improve load transfer from the prosthesis to the bone, the bone in-growth, and reduce premature loosening, thus decreasing the rehabilitation period for the amputees.

The primary disadvantage of custom implants the cost, is also addresses by the use of rapid manufacturing technology; for quick and economical fabrication of custom implant components. All samples were sintered at C for 2h and subsequently electro-thermally polarized via application of an external d. Thermally stimulated depolarization current TSDC results demonstrate that SrO and MgO dopants increase the polarizability and charge storage ability 2. Our research findings establish that combined influence of dopants and polarization can potentially assist in designing of a bone graft material that can permit accelerated mineralization and rapid tissue in-growth for faster healing.

Laura Lara ; Paul Sundaram ; Nannette Diffoot-Carlo ; University of Puerto Rico The emerging need for enhance the biological performance of titanium alloys extensively used in biomedical industry has lead to the development of techniques to modify its surface using ceramic coatings. Plasma electrolytic oxidation PEO has been recently applied to cp-titanium and Ti6Al4V, improving the coating adhesion and allowing the calcium and phosphorous inclusion into the coating.

Additionally and due to different studies regarding the cytotoxic effects of vanadium, research is directed to explore different titanium alloys with similar mechanical properties but without the side effects of vanadium.

Morphological features and thickness are examined and measured respectively by SEM, in order to be related to electrochemical parameters.

Open circuit potential, Cyclic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy test were performed using SBF in order to establish favorable conditions for the coating. Sheldon Bernard ; Vamsi Balla ; Susmita Bose ; Amit Bandyopadhyay ; Washington State University Porous implants are known to promote cell adhesion and have low elastic modulus, a combination that can significantly increase the life of an implant.

However, porosity can significantly reduce the fatigue life of porous implants, and very little work has been reported in this area. In our work, we have studied low cycle and high cycle fatigue behavior of porous Nitinol structures.

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