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Sega Mega Drive
After the blowout celebration, Saturday was driving day. Genesis offered us the G70 Sport, the turbocharged 3. Benefiting from hp, it will go from 0 to 60 mph in 4. There will also be a 2. To make a bold statement, the G70 has a large grille of meshing diamonds. An adventurous pair of front-corner air intakes also arrests the eye. Recognizability is a must, and the G70 scores above the 90th percentile on this aspect.
And it has some swagger. Four daytime running lights, the new Genesis signature, winked at us in the early dimness, as if advising us of the three-hour drive ahead. Like the body design, the interior is conventional but well executed. The 8-inch touchscreen dominates from its perch atop the dash.
Grasping the wheel and moving the stubby shifter into Drive, we crossed Jamsil Bridge over Hangang River and left town on an expressway. This is a quiet car. Our urge for spirited driving was kept in check, though, as the expressway jammed up with people going to their ancestral homes to observe seongmyo , the tradition of tidying up the graves of departed loved ones before Chuseok , the early October harvest festival.
There were no tricks to learn on the control panel. While relaxing there, it should be mentioned, we tried out the backseat but found entry and egress to be tortuous. A Mercedes-Benz C-class sedan seemed like a limo by comparison. It was also a long reach to close any open door, no matter where we sat. By the mids, licensed third-party Genesis rereleases were still being sold by AtGames in North America and Europe. Many games have been re-released in compilations for newer consoles and offered for download on online services such as the Virtual Console , Xbox Live Arcade , PlayStation Network , and Steam.
The Genesis was succeeded in by the Sega Saturn. In the early s, Sega Enterprises, Inc. Nakayama advocated that the company leverage its hardware expertise gained through years working in the arcade industry to move into the home console market in Japan, which was in its infancy at the time. Nakayama received permission to proceed with this project, leading to the release of Sega's first home video game system, the SG , in July This was followed by a European release the next year.
Although the Master System was a success in Europe, and later in Brazil, it failed to ignite significant interest in the Japanese or North American markets, which, by the mid-to-late s, were both dominated by Nintendo. First announced in June in Beep! After reviewing more than proposals, the company settled on "Mega Drive".
In North America, the name of the console was changed to "Genesis". The reason for this change is not known, but it may have been due to a trademark dispute. Positive coverage from magazines Famitsu and Beep! In order to increase sales, Sega released various peripherals and games, including an online banking system and answering machine called the Sega Mega Anser. Sega announced a North American release date for the system on January 9, Dissatisfied with Tonka's performance, Sega looked for a new partner to market the Genesis in North America and offered the rights to Atari Corporation , which did not yet have a bit system.
Tramiel declined to acquire the new console, deeming it too expensive, and instead opted to focus on the Atari ST. Sega decided to launch the console through its own Sega of America subsidiary, which executed a limited launch on August 14, , in New York City and Los Angeles.
The Sega Genesis was released in the rest of North America later that year. The console was also bundled with Altered Beast. However, the company increased the order by 10, units when advanced orders had exceeded expectations, and another 10, units was later added following the console's success at the ECES event.
The projected number of units to be sold between September and December had eventually increased to 40, units in the United Kingdom alone. Other companies assisted in distributing the console to various countries worldwide. Ozisoft handled the Mega Drive's launch and marketing in Australia, as it had done before with the Master System. Tec Toy produced games exclusively for the Brazilian market and began a network service for the system called Sega Meganet in The first part involved a marketing campaign to challenge Nintendo head-on and emphasize the more arcade-like experience available on the Genesis,  summarized by slogans including "Genesis does what Nintendon't".
Although Kalinske initially knew little about the video game market, he surrounded himself with industry-savvy advisors. A believer in the razor and blades business model , he developed a four-point plan: To compete with Nintendo, Sega was more open to new types of games than its rival, but still tightly controlled the approval process for third-party games and charged high prices for cartridge manufacturing.
We could approve our own titles We also had more direct control over manufacturing. The Martial Spirit , within the month. A yellow stripe on their left side added during manufacturing. Sega was able to outsell Nintendo four Christmas seasons in a row  due to the Genesis' head start, a lower price point, and a larger library of games when compared to the Super Nintendo at its release.
The NES was still the leader, with games and on shelves. Sega's advertising positioned the Genesis as the cooler console,  and as its advertising evolved, the company coined the term "blast processing" the origin of which is an obscure programming trick on the graphics hardware to suggest that its processing capabilities were far greater than those of the SNES. While Sega was seeking a flagship series to compete with Nintendo's Mario series along with a character to serve as a company mascot, several character designs were submitted as part of a company-wide contest, including "an anime -inspired egg and a teal hedgehog with red shoes created by Naoto Ohshima that he called Mr.
Naka's original prototype was a platform game that involved a fast-moving character rolling in a ball through a long winding tube, and this concept was subsequently fleshed out with Ohshima's character design and levels conceived by designer Hirokazu Yasuhara.
Although Katz and Sega of America's marketing experts disliked the idea of Sonic , certain that it would not catch on with most American kids,   Kalinske's strategy to place Sonic the Hedgehog as the pack-in game paid off.
After the release of the Sega Genesis in , video game publisher Accolade began exploring options to release some of their PC games on the console. At the time, Sega had a licensing deal in place for third-party developers that increased the costs to the developer. It did so by purchasing one in order to decompile the executable code of three Genesis games. Such information was used to program their new Genesis cartridges in a way that would allow them to disable the security lockouts on the Genesis that prevented unlicensed games from being able to be played.
The Way of Stones to the Genesis in As a result of piracy in some countries and unlicensed development issues, Sega incorporated a technical protection mechanism into a new edition of the Genesis released in , referred to as the Genesis III. This new variation of the Genesis included a code known as the Trademark Security System TMSS , which, when a game cartridge was inserted, would check for the presence of the string "SEGA" at a particular point in the memory contained in the cartridge.
If the string was present, the console would run the game, and would briefly display the message: It later added this file to the games HardBall! In response to the creation of these unlicensed games, Sega filed suit against Accolade in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California , on charges of trademark infringement, unfair competition , and copyright infringement.
In response, Accolade filed a counterclaim for falsifying the source of its games by displaying the Sega trademark when the game was powered up. As a result of the appeal, the Ninth Circuit overturned the district court's verdict and ruled that Accolade's decompilation of the Sega software constituted fair use.
As a part of this settlement, Accolade became an official licensee of Sega, and later developed and released Barkley Shut Up and Jam! In , the American media began to focus on the mature content of certain video games. In response to public outcry over the game's graphic violence, Nintendo decided to replace the blood in the game with "sweat" and the arcade's gruesome "fatalities" with less violent finishing moves. Ratings ranged from the family friendly GA rating to the more mature rating of MA, and the adults-only rating of MA However, all the arcade's blood and uncensored finishing moves could be enabled by entering a "Blood Code".
This technicality allowed Sega to release the game with a relatively low MA rating. The Genesis version of Mortal Kombat was well-received by gaming press, as well as fans, outselling the SNES version three- or four-to-one,    while Nintendo was criticized for censoring the SNES version of the game. In response, Sega of America vice president Bill White showed a videotape of violent video games on the SNES and stressed the importance of rating video games.
At the end of the hearing, Lieberman called for another hearing in February to check on progress toward a rating system for video game violence. Initially, Sega proposed the universal adoption of its system, but after objections by Nintendo and others, Sega took a role in forming a new one.
This became the Entertainment Software Rating Board , an independent organization that received praise from Lieberman. In order to extend the life of the Genesis, Sega released two add-ons to increase its capabilities: Majesco began reselling millions of formerly unsold cartridges at a budget price, together with , units of the second model of the Genesis.
The games are in ROM cartridge format and inserted in the top. The Z80 processor is primarily used to control both sound chips to produce stereo music and sound effects. The back of the model 1 console provides a radio frequency output port designed for use with antenna and cable systems and a specialized 8-pin DIN port, both of which provide video and audio output. Both outputs produce monophonic sound; a headphone jack on the front of the console produces stereo sound.
An edge connector on the bottom-right of the console allows it to be connected to a peripheral. The standard controller features a rounded shape, a directional pad , three main buttons, and a "start" button.
Sega later released a six-button version in This pad is slightly smaller and features three additional face buttons, similar to the design of buttons on some popular arcade fighting games such as Street Fighter II. Sega released a wireless revision of the six-button controller, the Remote Arcade Pad. The system is backward compatible with the Master System. Other peripherals were released to add functionality.
The Menacer is a wireless, infrared light gun peripheral used with compatible games. Released for art creation software, the Sega Mega Mouse features three buttons and is only compatible with a few games, such as Eye of the Beholder. In November , Sega released the Sega Activator, an octagonal device that lies flat on the floor and translates the player's physical movements into game inputs.
Special Champion Edition , were adapted to support the peripheral. The device was a commercial failure, due mainly to its inaccuracy and its high price point. Both EA and Sega released multitaps to allow more than the standard two players to play at once. In response to complaints about this, Sega publicly stated, "We have been working hard to resolve this problem since we learned of it", and that a new Team Player which would work with all multitap games for the console would be released shortly.
In its first foray into online gaming , Sega created Sega Meganet , which debuted in Japan on November 3, Operating through a cartridge and a peripheral called the "Mega Modem ," this allowed Mega Drive players to play a total of seventeen games online. A North American version, dubbed "Tele-Genesis," was announced but never released. Using a special peripheral, Genesis players could download a game from a library of fifty each month and demos for upcoming releases.
Games were downloaded to internal memory and deleted when the console was powered off. The Sega Channel reached , subscribers at its peak and ran until July 31, , well past the release of the Sega Saturn.
In an effort to compete with Sega, third-party developer Catapult Entertainment created the XBAND , a peripheral which allowed Genesis players to engage in online competitive gaming. The following year, the service was extended to the SNES, and Catapult teamed up with Blockbuster Video to market the service, but as interest in the service waned, it was discontinued in April The Genesis library was initially modest, but eventually grew to contain games to appeal to all types of players.
The initial pack-in game was Altered Beast , which was later replaced with Sonic the Hedgehog in A large part of the appeal of the Genesis library during the console's lifetime was the arcade -based experience of its games, as well as more difficult entries such as Ecco the Dolphin , and sports games such as Joe Montana Football.
Initially, the Genesis suffered from limited third-party support due to its low market share and Nintendo's monopolizing practices. Champion Edition ,  that would go on to sell over a million copies. Although the arcade game was released on the SNES and Genesis simultaneously, the two ports were not identical.
The SNES version looked more identical to the arcade game, but the Genesis version allowed players to bypass censorship, helping make it the more popular port.
On the Super NES, companies could add enhancement chips to cartridges to increase the console's capabilities and produce more advanced graphic; for example, the launch game Pilotwings contained a digital signal processor.
Yoshi's Island demonstrates rotation, scaling, and stretching of individual sprites and manipulates large areas of the screen. This chip enables the Genesis to render polygons in real time and provides an "Axis Transformation" unit that handles scaling and rotation.
Virtua Racing , the only game released with this chip, runs at a significantly higher and more stable frame rate than similar games on the SNES.
In addition to accessories such as the Power Base Converter, the Sega Genesis supports two add-ons that each support their own game libraries. By , compact discs had gained in popularity as a data storage device for music and software. PCs and video game companies had started to make use of this technology. The Mega-CD sold only , units during its first year in Japan, falling well below expectations.
Although many consumers blamed the add-on's high launch price, it also suffered from a tiny software library; only two games were available at launch. This was due in part to the long delay before Sega made its software development kit available to third-party developers. In , Sega announced a shift in focus to its new console, the Saturn, and discontinued all advertising for Genesis hardware, including the Sega CD. The add-on sold 2. With the release of the Sega Saturn slated for , Sega began to develop a stop-gap solution that would bridge the gap between the Genesis and the Saturn, and would serve as a less expensive entry into the bit era.
One potential idea for this came from a concept from Sega Enterprises, later known as "Project Jupiter," an entirely new independent console. Miller suggested an alternative strategy, citing concerns with releasing a new console with no previous design specifications within six to nine months. Although the new unit was a stronger console than originally proposed, it was not compatible with Saturn games. Sega of America now was faced with trying to market the 32X with the Saturn's Japan release occurring simultaneously.
Their answer was to call the 32X a "transitional device" between the Genesis and the Saturn. The 32X was released in November , in time for the holiday season. Demand among retailers was high, and Sega could not keep up orders for the system.
After an early run on the peripheral, news soon spread to the public of the upcoming release of the Sega Saturn, which would not support the 32X's games. The Saturn was released on May 11, ,  four months earlier than its originally intended release date of September 2, In early , Sega conceded that it had promised too much out of the 32X and decided to stop producing the system in order to focus on the Saturn.
A number of bootleg clones were created during its lifespan. In , Sega introduced a smaller, lighter version of the console,  known as the Mega Drive 2 in Japan, Europe, and Australia [d] and simply sold as Genesis without the Sega prefix in North America. Late in the bit era, Sega released a handheld version of the Genesis called the Genesis Nomad.
Its design was based on the Mega Jet, a Mega Drive portable unit featured on airplane flights in Japan. Nose Tips Head Assembly S e r v i c i n g t h e To o l H e a d A s s e m b l y Assemble in reverse order to dismantling noting the following points: Page 22 Incorrect length of fastener Change to correct length Item numbers in bold refer to the general assembly drawing and parts list on pages Français Dans l'éventualité d'un défaut ou d'une défaillance, Avdel, à son entière discrétion, s'engage uniquement à réparer ou remplacer les composants défectueux.
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