Prev Med ; Contrast this with figure skating, where costumes are highly stylized and gender specific, or beach volleyball, where female Olympians wear bikinis. Vitamin D supplementation in chronic kidney disease: Possible explanations and implications for clinicians and policy makers No universal consensus exists on the optimal vitamin D intake or the optimal plasma concentrations of hydroxyvitamin D. Eur J Clin Nutr ;
Terms of Reference
You will be able to choose a variety of student-selected components SSCs that allow you to personalise your learning experience. SSCs are five week-long blocks selected from a range of available options and are undertaken in years 2, 3 and 4 of the curriculum.
Projects cover topics from the core curriculum as well as topics outside medicine including humanities and languages. The MBChB at Glasgow is unusual in having two electives, each for four weeks, during the vacations at the end of years 3 and 4.
Electives are experiential in nature, obtaining personal, professional and clinical experiences in any recognised clinical specialty, including general practice and public health. Well-planned research electives are also possible. These are taken between years 3 and 4 of the MBChB and involve an intensive period of study and training in a scientific discipline. Programme alteration or discontinuation The University of Glasgow endeavours to run all programmes as advertised.
In exceptional circumstances, however, the University may withdraw or alter a programme. For more information, please see: The S5 Standard Academic Entry Requirements represent the grades which, if attained in addition to successfully meeting mandatory subject requirements and any non-academic entry requirements interviews, auditions, aptitude tests , will normally result in an offer being made.
Students must achieve the standard entry requirements by the end of S5 cumulative S4 and S5. The S5 Minimum Academic Entry Requirements represent the minimum grades which an applicant must have obtained by the end of S5 cumulative S4 and S5 in order for them to be considered for a conditional offer based on S6 results.
Not all applicants who achieve the Minimum Academic Entry Requirements will be made an offer. This will depend on the number of applications we have received for a degree programme and the number of applicants who have met the Standard Academic Entry Requirements. Where an applicant is made a conditional offer based on S6 results, the S6 Standard Academic Entry Requirements represent the cumulative grades that must be attained by the end of S6, in addition to meeting any mandatory subject and non-academic requirements.
All degree programmes require grades in a minimum of four different subjects. Advanced Highers are a qualification of increased importance to the University, which recognises that applicants with these qualifications find the transition to university easier and perform better in their university exams. If a school is unable to offer specific Advanced Higher subjects applicants will be made bespoke offers which will normally require the applicant to attain additional relevant Highers in S6.
We adjust the Standard Academic Entry Requirements for eligible applicants who complete one of our widening participation pre-entry programmes. Criteria for eligibility include attending a Scottish target secondary school, living in a priority Scottish postcode area, current or previous experience of living in care or estrangement from family support.
For more information about your eligibility and our pre-entry programmes see: The Standard Academic Entry Requirements represent the grades at which any possible offer would be made.
Students must also meet mandatory subject requirements and any non-academic entry requirements interviews, auditions, aptitude tests. The Minimum Academic Entry Requirements represent the minimum grades that the University will accept for entry to the degree programme. Combinations of individual Pre-U subjects and A-level subjects are acceptable if three subjects are offered overall at grades D3 or A.
Applications to Medicine will be considered from graduates provided they have a minimum of 2. Graduates with a minimum of 2. We welcome applications from UK BDS Graduates who have obtained their degree within seven years from the proposed date of entry.
Graduates must also be eligible to register with the GDC. Applications must include a transcript and two references. Dentistry graduate candidates will be considered for entry into Year 3 only. Applications will be competitively considered. We welcome applications from graduates of BVMS degrees. The degree must be completed within seven years from the proposed date of the entry and all other entry requirements apply: Veterinary graduate candidates will be considered for entry into Year 1 only.
All applicants to Medicine must complete the UK Clinical Aptitude Test by the deadline date in the same year as application. Information on how to sit the test can be found at www. You may be invited to attend an interview. Candidates receiving offers are those who not only achieve the academic standards required but who also show they have seriously considered the implications of a medical career and who display the characteristics desirable in a future doctor, as well as demonstrating a commitment, motivation and enthusiasm for a medical career.
Although specific work experience in a hospital or general practice is not essential, it is important for all applicants to find out about the realities of a career in medicine. Meeting the minimum entry requirements does not guarantee an interview. Successful applicants are required to undertake satisfactory health and police checks before commencing Medicine. Information on standards of undergraduate medical students can be found at www. For applicants whose first language is not English, the University sets a minimum English Language proficiency level.
For international students, the Home Office has confirmed that the University can choose to use TOEFL to make its own assessment of English language ability for visa applications to degree level courses. Please contact the Recruitment and International Office: If you require a Tier 4 student visa, your qualification must be one of the secure English language tests accepted by UK Border Agency:. It is a visa requirement to provide information on your level of English based on an internationally recognised and secure English language test.
All test reports must be no more than 2 years old. A list of these can be found on the UK Border Agency website. If you have never taken one of these tests before, you can get an initial idea of your level by using the Common European Framework self-assessment grid which gives you a level for each skill e. However, please note that this is not a secure English language test and it is not sufficient evidence of your level of English for visa requirements. English for Academic Study.
Medical career options range from hospital-based specialties such as surgery, to community-based specialties such as general practice. Medicine opens the doors to many career opportunities, including clinical research. Following your final examinations, there is a nine-week period of study in preparation for work experience in which you will shadow a Foundation Year 1 doctor.
Almost all of our graduates start their careers as doctors with the NHS in hospitals around Scotland, although some travel further afield to various parts of England and Northern Ireland. Holding a PMQ entitles you to provisional registration with the General Medical Council, subject only to its acceptance that there are no Fitness to Practise concerns that need consideration. Provisionally registered doctors can only practise in approved Foundation Year 1 posts: When applying you will need to know the UCAS code for the subject or subject-combination that you wish to apply to:.
The University is committed to supporting students and rewarding academic excellence. The scholarships above are specific to this programme. For more funding opportunities search the scholarships database. The deadline for applications to all other degree programmes is 15 January each year. It is the applicants' responsibility to ensure the accuracy of their application prior to submission, and requests from applicants to correct erroneous application content, change degree programme or change college of entry, will not be accepted after these UCAS deadlines.
His dissertation on corporate bond pricing was written under the guidance of Terry Marsh, Mark Rubinstein and Thomas Rothenberg. His research has been incorporated into quantitative tools regularly used in financial risk management applications at many global financial institutions.
He received his B. She is recognised around the world for her work on carbohydrates and the glycemic index or GI of foods and its role in human health. She has written close to scientific publications. Her research interests focus on diet and diabetes, insulin resistance, lactose intolerance and oligosaccharides in infant nutrition. She is the proud recipient of two Nucleus cochlear implants. Emile and team are responsible for supporting Swiss Re's profitable growth in one largest and most dynamic life reinsurance markets in the world through strong pricing discipline, sound reinsurance structures, and bespoke product development assistance for our valued clients.
Emile joined the Swiss Re family in with its acquisition of the former Mercantile and General Re. Emile has worked in new business origination throughout his career at Swiss Re including in force transactions.
Prior to Swiss Re, Emile worked for a direct insurer working in valuation, asset liability management, and direct marketing. Emile is very active in the Canadian Institute Actuaries CIA , speaking frequently at meetings and leading or contributing to various committee sections. His most recent projects include leading the development of the Canadian Stand-alone Critical Illness tables, and the establishment of the first ever Canadian Critical Illness experience study.
He was also a lead contributor for the CIA paper on selective lapses. Emile is a graduate of the University of Toronto where he has a Specialist degree in Actuarial Science with a major in Statistics and a minor in Economics. Emile is married with two children. His current technical research interests relate to nutrition and its impact on mortality and morbidity as well as wearable technology and algorithm development.
Her principal research interest is in understanding the links between dietary factors and the risk of cardiometabolic diseases, in developing and using improved methods to assess diet, including the use of objectively measured nutritional biomarkers, and in understanding between-population differences in disease risk. She qualified as a doctor in , trained as a general physician in Cambridge and London, and is a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians.
She first joined The BMJ in and has written and lectured on a broad range of issues, including health and the environment, the ethics of academic publishing, evidence based medicine, access to clinical trial data, research integrity, open access publishing, patient partnership, conflict of interest, and overdiagnosis and over treatment.
She is on the advisory or executive boards of Alltrials alltrials. She lives in Cambridge with her husband and two children. Günter Hemrich is Deputy Director a. With partners at global, regional and national levels, FAO generates and disseminates evidence on food system innovations; develops policies, legal frameworks, capacities and programmes to make food systems more nutrition-focused and to implement related innovations at scale.
In these functions he contributed to the analysis of global and regional trends shaping the future of food and agriculture and to analytical reviews of topical challenges for agriculture and rural development, and their implications food security and nutrition. As a Food Systems Economist, Mr. He is a Highly Cited Researcher according to Clarivate Analytics in both Clinical Medicine and in Social Sciences and among the 10 scientists with the highest current citation rate in the world currently about 3, new citations are made to his work each month in the scientific literature according to Google Scholar.
His work has been influential across multiple scientific disciplines. He has pioneered the field of meta-research, using sophisticated methods to study science itself and the way research practices can be optimized to make scientific investigation more rigorous and more efficient, diminishing biases and promoting integrity. Navjoyt leads the scholarly comment section of The BMJ editorials, letters, and analysis.
Navjoyt qualified as a doctor from King's College London in and has an intercalated undergraduate degree in developmental neurobiology. After junior doctor posts in London and Oxford, she joined BMJ Clinical Evidence in as a clinical editor, commissioning and editing systematic reviews that summarised the state of knowledge about the treatment and prevention of clinical conditions. Navjoyt went on to train as a GP.
He practices privately from our offices in Harley Street where is available for second opinions as well as general cardiology consultations. In addition to his clinical work, Dr Malhotra is heavily involved with the Academy of Medical Royal Colleges in shaping the future of healthcare delivery in UK. Dr Aseem Malhotra graduated from University of Edinburgh. He trained in General Cardiology and gained sub-specialty training in intervention within the North West Thames London Deanery working at the world famous Harefield Hospital.
He has incorporated his medical training with population-based research and he wrote multiple academic publications that helped influence healthcare policy in UK. He is a frequent expert commentator in print and TV.
The Academy of Medical Royal Colleges utilizes expertise from all the Medical Royal Colleges and Faculties and it drives improvement in health and patient care through education, training and quality standards. The only graduate school of nutrition in North America, the Friedman School produces trusted science and real-world impact in nutrition.
A board-certified cardiologist and epidemiologist, Dr. He has authored nearly scientific publications on dietary fats, foods, and diet patterns; global obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases; and evidence-based and cost-effective dietary policies. Following his clinical training, he received his MPH from U. Before he was appointed Dean at Tufts in , Dr. The Friedman School pursues cutting-edge research and education from cell to society, including in molecular nutrition, human metabolism, population studies, clinical trials, nutrition interventions and behavior change, communication, food systems and sustainability, global food insecurity, humanitarian crises, and food economics and policy.
Friedman School graduates are active in academics, policy, advocacy, government, industry, public health, community service, and entrepreneurship. From to Christoph Nabholz headed Business Development at the Swiss Re Centre for Global Dialogue, where he and his team were mandated to develop dialogue and debate, with experts at world class institutions, on key insurance industry topics. The team addressed issues across the many lines of business written by the firm and helped position Swiss Re as a knowledge company and industry leader.
From to , he was a postdoctoral research fellow in genomics and functional genetics at Harvard University. Christoph Nabholz received a diploma in biochemistry from the University of Basel and a PhD with honours in molecular genetics from the University of Freiburg in Switzerland.
Her research interests are in the area of health policy and technology assessment, and how to promote high value care, focusing on high risk medical devices as well as the need for inclusion of women in clinical trials of such devices.
She has given Congressional testimony multiple times in hearings related to the issue of balancing safety and innovation in medical device approvals. Dr John Schoonbee is a medical doctor who has been working in the insurance field for about 15 years and directly for reinsurers since He is involved in many aspects of life insurance, including product development, risk and claims assessment, as well as helping with pricing some of the more complex medical life and health products.
John coordinates a team of over 30 permanent and consultant medical doctors at Swiss Re, in addition to focusing on key global health topics. After some years in private medical practice he joined the corporate world which included working at a company that specialised in corporate sick leave management, in its own right, as well as the link to future short and long term disability. He trained originally in rheumatology and epidemiology.
In he moved into genetics and founded the UK Twins Registry of 13, twins, which is the richest collection of genotypic and phenotypic information worldwide. He has demonstrated the genetic basis of a wide range of common complex traits, many previously thought to be mainly due to ageing and environment.
His group have found over novel gene loci in over 50 disease areas. His current work focuses on personalised medicine and the microbiome and directs the crowdfunded British Gut microbiome project. He is a regular blogger, focusing most recently on the microbiome and diet with over 7 million recent downloads.
He features regularly in the media www. Gary Taubes is an investigative science and health journalist and co-founder and president of the non-profit Nutrition Science Initiative NuSI. Taubes began writing and reporting on science and medicine for Discover magazine in He was the first print journalist to win this award three times.
His journalism has been included in numerous Best of anthologies, and his books have been translated into two dozen languages. Taubes has focused his reporting on controversial science and, specifically, the confluence of research in nutrition, obesity, chronic disease and public health policy.
He is also the author of Nobel Dreams , and Bad Science Taubes studied applied physics at Harvard as an undergraduate and has an M. He lives in Oakland, California with his wife and two sons. Martin leads a research programme focused on understanding food systems, how they relate to consumers, and whether and how they can be changed to promote healthier diets at a population level.
Martin is a clinical academic, trained in medicine and public health, with broad experience of public health research and practice, and a national and international reputation for his research and leadership. He has a particular interest in the influence of the commercial food system on diet, and how we can achieve a healthier commercial food system.
Professor of Epidemiology and Nutrition, Harvard T. Salim Yusuf has led over 50 major international studies in over countries and several of these have changed medical practice.
He has published over articles in refereed journals, was the second most cited researcher in the world for and has the 17th highest H factor in history.
He is the immediate Past President of the World Heart Federation, where he has been initiating an Emerging Leaders program in countries with the aim of halving the CVD burden globally within a generation.
SRI engages with stakeholders by sharing insights, tailored services and products to enable risk-focused decision making and smarter solutions to manage risk. Swiss Re is dedicated to making the world more resilient, working with the market, policy makers and partners to reach the underinsured. In our ongoing efforts to improve the quality and relevance of our publications, we would like to know more about you.
Interested in subscribing to our content? Visit our subscription page. Home Events Food for thought: The science and politics of nutrition Back to Home. The science and politics of nutrition 14 - 15 Jun Location: